Listan


January 30, 2001

Palestinians fired a mortar shell at a house in Netzarim in the Gaza Strip. This was the first time Palestinians had used a ballistic weapon against a Jewish settlement. The shell penetrated the house’s roof but was stopped by a concrete ceiling. The family members living in the house were on the ground floor at the time, and there were no injuries.

February 10, 2001

During the night, Palestinians fired a mortar shell at a house in the town of Netzarim. There were no injuries. Israeli settlers began to set up new bomb shelters and stockpile food amid fears that the attacks were heralding an all-out war.

February 15, 2001

Palestinians fired two mortar shells at Netzarim. No injuries were reported.

February 22, 2001

In the evening, Palestinians fired four mortar shells at the towns of Dugit and Elei Sinai in the Gaza Strip. Israel responded the following day by destroying two Palestinian police stations.

March 4, 2001

Palestinians fired what appeared to be mortar shells at Netzarim. No injuries were reported.

March 8, 2001

In the evening, Palestinians fired two mortar shells at Netzarim. There were no injuries, but residents were instructed to enter bomb shelters.

March 17, 2001

Shortly after midnight, Palestinians in Khan Yunis fired an anti-tank missile at the Neve Dekalim industrial zone in the Gaza Strip.

March 18, 2001

In the evening, Palestinians fired three mortar shells from the Gaza Strip at the Israeli farming community of Nahal Oz, wounding a soldier. This was the first Palestinian ballistic attack on Israel proper in the Second Intifada.

March 21, 2001

In the evening, Palestinian Authority Force 17 fighters fired two mortar shells at the town of Morag in the Gaza Strip and three mortar shells at Netzarim. Israel responded by firing mortars at a nearby Palestinian police post, killing an officer.

March 26, 2001

In the evening, Palestinians fired three mortar shells at Morag. No injuries were reported.

April 3, 2001

Palestinians fired three mortar shells into the village of Atzmona in the Gaza Strip. The shrapnel from one of the mortars sprayed a 10-month-old baby and his mother, critically wounding the baby and lightly wounding the mother. A group calling itself ”Hezbollah-Palestine” claimed responsibility. Israel responded with airstrikes on several Palestinian Authority police buildings.

April 6, 2001

Palestinians fired mortars on three unspecified Israeli settlements and one communal farm in Israel. There were no injuries. Israel responded with airstrikes on two Palestinian police stations.

April 7, 2001

On the eve of Passover, Palestinians fired a mortar shell at Elei Sinai. There were no injuries.

April 8, 2001

Late in the first day of Passover, Palestinians fired five mortar shells at Nahal Oz and an adjacent IDF post. Israel responded by shelling Palestinian security headquarters at Beit Lahiya in the northern Gaza Strip.

April 9, 2001

In the afternoon of the second day of Passover, Palestinians fired a mortar shell at Atzmona. A school in the community was damaged, but there were no injuries.

April 10, 2001

On the third day of Passover, Palestinians fired two mortar shells at the town of Katif in the Gaza Strip, causing no injuries. Israel responded by rocketing a the Palestinian Naval Police headquarters in Gaza City and a military intelligence building in Deir el-Balah, killing a police doctor. Later in the day, Palestinians fired additional mortars at Nisanit. Israel responded by firing on a Palestinian police station in the northern Gaza Strip.

April 11, 2001

In the evening of the fourth day of Passover, Palestinians fired mortars shells at the towns of Nisanit and Kfar Darom in the Gaza Strip and at Kibbutz Netiv HaAsara in Israel.

April 15, 2001

After dark, Palestinians fired four mortar shells at the towns of Netzer Hazani and Katif in the Gaza Strip.causing no injuries.

April 16, 2001

Palestinians fired four mortar shells on the city of Sderot in Israel, causing no injuries or damage. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack. Israel responded by seizing Palestinian-controlled areas in the Gaza Strip and rocketing Palestinian military installations, killing a Palestinian policeman.

April 17, 2001

Palestinians fired six mortar shells at Neve Dekalim.

April 18, 2001

In the morning, Palestinians fired mortars at Nisanit. Hamas claimed responsibility, saying the attack was ”dedicated” to the families of Syrian soldiers killed in a radar position in Lebanon. After nightfall, Palestinians fired five additional mortars at the village of Nir Am in Israel and at Kfar Darom.

April 19, 2001

In the afternoon, Palestinians fired two mortar shells which landed between Atzmona and Morag. There were no injuries. Israel did not respond to the attack.

April 24, 2001

After a respite of several days from mortar attacks, in the early evening Palestinians in Khan Yunis fired three mortar shells at the town of Gadid in the Gaza Strip. There were no injuries but a hothouse was damaged.

April 28, 2001

Palestinians fired five mortars at the village of Netzer Hazani in the Gaza Strip, hitting a recreation center and wounding six civilian youths, one seriously. A previously unknown group called The Four Martyrs, which claimed affiliation with Fatah, took responsibility for the attack, saying it was a retaliation for a recent blast in the Gaza Strip in which four Fatah activists were killed. Fatah itself disavowed the attack and denied knowledge of the group. Israel did not respond to the attack.

April 30, 2001

Palestinians in Khan Yunis fired two mortars at Gadid.

May 4, 2001

Palestinians fired two mortar shells on Kfar Aza.

May 6, 2001

Late in the day, Palestinians fired a mortar shell at Netzarim.

May 7, 2001

Palestinians fired four mortar shells on Kfar Aza. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded by destroying a Palestinian police post.

May 9, 2001

In the morning, Palestinians fired two mortar shells on Nisanit.

May 11, 2001

Palestinians fired six mortar shells at unspecified Israeli settlements and towns.

May 15, 2001

In the morning, Hamas militants were firing mortars at Kfar Aza when they were killed by IDF tank fire. After nightfall, Palestinians a mortar shell from Deir el-Ballah that hit the roof of a house in Kfar Darom, causing damage but no injuries. Two others mortars landed inside Israel near Kibbutz Nir Am.

May 17, 2001

Palestinians fired three mortar shells at two Jewish communities. One landed inside Israel, near Nir Am, and another landed at the entrance to Netzarim. In the evening, a third shell exploded in the backyard of a family home in Netzer Hazani, damaging the house. The family was not in the home at the time because they were visiting their son, who was wounded in the April 28 youth club shelling. Islamic Jihad claimes responsibility for the attacks on Nir Am and Netzer Hazani.

May 18, 2001

After daybreak, Palestinians fired a mortar shell at Gadid, which exploded among the community’s greenhouses.

May 19, 2001

Palestinians fired seven mortar shells at Gadid.

May 22, 2001

Palestinians fired three mortar shells into Israel, all of which exploded in open areas. No injuries or damage were reported.

May 24, 2001

In the morning, Palestinians fired two mortar shells on Netzarim. There were no injuries.

May 26, 2001

After nightfall, Palestinians in Khan Yunis fired a mortar shell into Neve Dekalim.

May 30, 2001

In the morning, Palestinians fired two mortar shells at Rafiah Yam.

June 1, 2001

Early in the day, Palestinians fired four mortar shells that exploded near greenhouses in the Israeli settlement of Slav in the Gaza Strip.

June 3, 2001

After nightfall, Palestinians fired two mortar shells toward Kfar Darom. There were no injuries.

June 7, 2001

After nightfall, Palestinians fired four mortar shells at Ganei Tal. There were no injuries.

June 8, 2001

Palestinians fired two mortar shells on Atzmona and Rafiah Yam. There were no injuries or damage. Israel responded by firing two anti-tank shells on a Palestinian Force 17 position.

June 10, 2001

Palestinians fired eight mortar shells at two unspecified Gaza Strip settlements.

June 12, 2001

Palestinians fired three mortar shells at Morag. There were no injuries.

June 13, 2001

In the evening, several hours after a ceasfire went into effect, Palestinians fired a mortar shell at Atzmona.

June 14, 2001

With the ceasefire still in effect, Palestinians fired five mortar shells at Morag after nightfall. Fatah claimed responsibility.

June 18, 2001

After nightfall, Palestinians fired four mortar shells at the Neve Dekalim industrial area.

June 19, 2001

Palestinians fired five mortar shells at Moshav Katif. There were no injuries.

June 21, 2001

Palestinians fired a 120mm mortar shell at an unspecified village in Israel, breaking car windows. It was the first time that this large shell type had been used.

June 29, 2001

Palestinians fired a mortar shell at Netzarim.

July 4, 2001

Palestinians fired a mortar shell on an unspecified settlement.

July 6, 2001

Palestinians fired a mortar shell toward Gadid.

July 10, 2001

Palestinians fired a mortar shell on an unspecified farming community in Israel. There were no injuries.

July 17, 2001

Early in the morning, Palestinians fired two mortar shells at Morag and Netzer Hazani.

Palestinians in Beit Jalla in the West Bank fired two mortar shells at the Gilo neighborhood of East Jerusalem. This was the first attack of its type in the area, though numerous shooting attacks from Beit Jalla had taken place previously.

July 18, 2001

Palestinians fired two mortar shells at Kibbutz Nahal Oz in Israel.

July 27, 2001

In the evening, Palestinians fired mortar shells at Gadid. Israel responded by destroying a Palestinian munitions factory.

July 30, 2001

Palestinians fired a mortar shell at Kfar Darom, wounding a 9-year-old girl.

July 31, 2001

Palestinians fired rwo mortar shells at Netzarim and at least one mortar at Rafiah Yam. In the evening, Palestinians fired two mortar shells at Atzmona. There were no injuries.

February 10, 2002

A Qassam 2 rocket was fired from Gaza into Israel on Sunday, landing in a field six kilometers from the Gaza border near Kibbutz Sa’ad in the Negev Desert. Israel responded with air force attacks and an armored incursion. Seventeen militant prisoners were released from Gaza jail as a result. No deaths were reported.

September 24, 2004

Settler Tiferet Tratner, 24, of Neve Dekalim, was killed in her home by a mortar (weapon) attack on the Gush Katif settlement bloc built in Gaza.

September 29, 2004

On the eve of the Sukkot holiday, Yuval Abebeh, 4, and Dorit Benisian, 2, were killed by a Qassam rocket (one of three) fired from Gaza into Sderot. About 30 people were wounded in the attack, for which Hamas claimed responsibility.

October 28, 2004

Israeli army Sgt. Michael Chizik, 21, of Tiberias, was killed when a mortar shell landed in the settlement of Morag in the Gaza Strip.

January 5, 2005

Nissim Arbiv, 26, of Nissanit, was severely injured by a mortar shell in the Erez industrial zone. He died from his injuries ten days later.

January 15, 2005

A Qassam rocket attack on Sderot left Ayala Abukasis, 17, brain dead. She died on January 21.

February 9, 2005

A barrage of 25 to 50 Qassam rockets and mortar shells hit Neve Dekalim settlement, and another barrage hit at noon. Hamas said it was in retaliation for an attack in which one Palestinian was killed near an Israeli settlement.

June 7, 2005

Two Palestinian workers, Salah Ayash Imran, 57, Muhammed Mahmoud Jaroun, and a foreign worker Bi Shude, 46, were killed, and five other workers were wounded, when a Qassam rocket hit a packing shed in Ganei Tal, in the Gaza Strip. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 14, 2005

Dana Galkowicz, 22, was killed in a Qassam attack in the Kibbutz Netiv Ha’asara, just north of the Gaza Strip. Hamas, Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine and Fatah all claimed responsibility for the attack.

August 25, 2005

Two Qassam rockets fired out of the Gaza Strip by Palestinian militants landed near the southern Israeli town of Sderot.

September 12, 2005

Several hours after the Israel withdraws the last of its troops from the Gaza Strip two Qassam rockets are fired by Palestinian militants from the Gaza Strip. The first lands near the Israeli town of Sderot, while the second lands near Kibbutz Yad Mordechai.

September 24, 2005

Five Israelis were injured when Palestinian militants launched about 30 rockets on Israeli communities from the Gaza Strip. This attack followed an incident the previous day, in which 20 Palestinians, including 16 civilians, were killed when a vehicle carrying Qassam rockets exploded during a Hamas rally in Jabalya. The exact circumstances surrounding the incident are still unknown. To date, no evidence has been found to substantiate Hamas’ claim that Israeli interference was responsible for the accident.

December 11, 2005

A rocket fired from Jenin in the West Bank landed near Ram-On. It was the first Palestinian rocket attack from the West Bank.

December 14, 2005

Jitladda Tap-arsa, 20, a female Thai national, was killed by a mortar while working in a greenhouse in the Gush Katif settlement of Ganei Tal.

December 26, 2005

A Qassam rocket landed near a kindergarten during a Hanukkah party at kibbutz Sa’ad.

February 3, 2006

A Qassam rocket struck a family’s house in the western Negev village of Karmia, moderately injuring four people, including a 7-month-old baby.

March 28, 2006

Islamic Jihad fired a 122 mm Katyusha rocket from the Gaza Strip into Israel. Near the Kibbutz Nachal Oz two Israeli-Arabs (Salam Ziadin and Khalid, 16, a Bedouin father and son) are killed when a dormant Qassam rocket they find in the Nahal Oz area explodes. Katyushas, frequently used by Hezbollah in Lebanon, had never before been fired from Gaza. Larger numbers of Qassam rockets began landing in the Western Negev in March 2006: 49 in March, 64 in April, 46 in May, and over 83 by the end of June. Most of the rocket launches prior to 2006 were carried out by Islamic Jihad but following Hamas’s election victory, other groups such as Palestinian Islamic Jihad Movement have been claimed to take over the firings.

March 30, 2006

Two Qassam rockets landed in kibbutz Karmia, south of Ashkelon, one of them in a football field, where children played only hours earlier, and injured one person.

June 11, 2006

Three people are wounded, one critically when a Qassam landed near the Sapir Academic College near the Negev town of Sderot. 14 Qassams are fired throughout the day.

July 4, 2006

A Qassam rocket hits a High school at the Israeli city Ashkelon. The rocket was launched by Hamas militants from the town of Beit Hanun in the northern Gaza strip.

July 6, 2006

10 Qassam rockets are launched at Israeli towns from the northern Gaza Strip, inflicting damage but no casualties.

July 7, 2006

Three Israeli civilians are wounded when a Qassam rocket lands in a basketball court in Sderot.

July 9, 2006

An Israeli civilian is moderately wounded as a Qassam rocket strikes his private car in Sderot. Another rocket directly hits a house in Sderot, causing severe damage but no casualties.

July 27, 2006

A Qassam rocket landed next to a kindergarten in a community south of Ashkelon at 10:45 a.m. Friday. Two children were lightly wounded and eight more people suffered shock. Additionally, the kindergarten building was damaged.

September 20, 2006

Two teenage Israeli Arab shepherds were moderately wounded by two Qassam rockets fired from Gaza.

November 15, 2006

Twelve rockets in four separate attacks hit Sderot, killing Faina Slutzker, 57, and seriously wounding two others. One of the wounded, Maor Peretz, a security guard, lost both legs in the attack.

November 21, 2006

A Qassam rocket struck a factory and hit 43 year-old Yaakov Yaakobov, fatally wounding him.

March 18, 2007

al-Quds Brigades Palestinians fire five Qassam rockets from the Gaza Strip to Israel in three different barrages after a relative period of calm. One of the rockets landed in Ashkelon’s southern industrial zone, near a strategic facility. The rest of the rockets landed south of Ashkelon and in open areas in the western Negev. There were no reports of injuries.

May 16, 2007

Thirty Qassam rockets are fired at the Western Negev, leaving two residents of Sderot injured. Ten others suffered from shock.

May 17, 2007

Two people in Sderot were slightly injured by one of the ten rockets that landed on Israeli territory.

May 18, 2007

In a Qassam rocket attack on Sderot three people were injured. Twenty rockets were fired at a kibbutz in Sderot.

May 20, 2007

Ten rockets are fired from Gaza with four landing in southern Israel, but no injuries are reported, according to an Israeli spokesman.

May 21, 2007

Shir-El Feldman, 32, was killed and two others wounded in a Qassam rocket strike on Sderot.

A first round of five rockets were fired towards Sderot, one striking the city, two landing south of Ashkelon, and two striking the western Negev. A Qassam rocket that struck Sderot killed an Israeli woman, the first fatality from a rocket attack in the country since November. Another man was moderately injured from the attack. The rocket struck a commercial center near a bakery in Sderot. Israeli civilians burned tires in the street after the attack, though the protest was interrupted by the Red Dawn rocket early-warning siren.

A second round of three rockets was later fired towards Israel, which landed near a kibbutz in the western Negev. A third series launched two more rockets towards Israel. No injuries were reported from these further attacks.

May 22, 2007

Hamas militants say that they have fired several rockets towards Israel, a total of ten, according to various groups. A total of seven rockets landed in western Negev, but caused no injuries.

May 23, 2007

Militants fired eight rockets at southern Israel, but no injuries were reported. One rocket that was fired, landed in an open area of Sderot. No injuries or damage were reported from the rocket landing. Later, two rockets hit the Sderot area, one of them inside the city. One women suffered from shock after the attack. Two more rockets landed south of Ashkelon, one of which killed a horse in Kibbutz Nir Am.

A total of nine Qassam rocket were fired from Gaza, by Palestinians, towards the Israeli western Negev. Two of the rockets landed near kibbutzim in the area of Eshkol Regional Council, and the rest landed near Sderot and the area of Sha’ar HaNegev Regional Council. After one of the rockets landed, a fire broke out close to one of the kibbutzim. Some of these rockets landed in Israel without warning, due to a malfunction in the Red Dawn system that notifies of incoming rocket fire.

May 24, 2007

In the northern Gaza Strip, a mortar was fired towards Israel. The mortar round landed near the Erez Crossing. No injuries were reported, but the structure was somewhat damaged.

May 25, 2007

Seven Qassam rockets were fired towards Israel’s western Negev from the Gaza Strip. The first five Qassams landed in open areas close to the southern town of Sderot and south of Ashkelon. No casualties were reported from these, though a wheat field near Sderot caught fire due to a Qassam landing. Two rockets were later fired towards the Israeli town of Sderot. One of them landed near a house inside the town. This Qassam lightly wounded four people from shrapnel, and ten other nearby residents suffered from shock. The other rocket landed in Sderot’s industrial area, damaging some equipment in a facility.

May 26, 2007

Five Qassam rockets were fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip, though no people were injured.

May 27, 2007

Two Qassam rockets landed in Sderot, Israel. Oshri Oz, 36, was killed when a Qassam rocket struck near his car and fatally wounded him. The Qassam hit the street, it caused shrapnel to hit Oshri Oz’s car, and he crashed into a wall. He got out of the car, but died of his wounds at Barzilay Medical Center in Ashkelon. One other man was wounded and other residents suffered from shock. Another Qassam rocket later hit Sderot injuring one Israeli civilian.

May 28, 2007

Seven rockets struck Sderot in southern Israel, but no injuries are reported.

May 29, 2007

Seventeen Qassams hit the Negev, three landed in Sderot. The Popular Resistance Committees and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine claimed responsibility for the attacks.

May 30, 2007

Six Qassam rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip hit western Negev. One rocket hit a power line and an apartment building in Sderot. Some residents experienced and were treated for shock after the attack. The Qassam also caused a temporary blackout in some parts of the city, because of the hit on the power line. Another apartment building was hit, causing six people to experience shock, though no people were inside at the time. The latter had a claim of responsibility by the militia of the Popular Resistance Committees.

May 31, 2007

Militants in the Gaza Strip fired three Qassam rockets into Israel, but caused no injuries.

June 1, 2007

Four Qassam rockets were fired towards Israel from the Gaza Strip. Two of the rockets landed near a Negev kibbutz, causing some damage to a garage. Another rocket hit a kibbutz south of Ashkelon and caused serious damage to a warehouse. The fourth rocket landed in the Gaza Strip.

June 3, 2007

Four IDF soldiers were injured, one moderately and three lightly, near the Erez crossing in the northern Gaza Strip. They were hurt after three mortar rounds hit their location. Hamas claimed responsibility. The injured soldiers, and six who suffered shock, were evacuated to Barzilay Medical Center in Ashkelon. Two other mortar shells landed in other areas of the Gaza Strip.

June 5, 2007

Two Qassam rockets were fired towards Israel from the Gaza Strip. One landed near Sderot and one landed inside the Gaza Strip, neither caused injuries.

June 6, 2007

Hamas fired eight mortar shells at the Erez Crossing, damaging the site, and causing a fire on the Gaza side of the border. Two Israeli trauma centers were opened in southern Israel near Gaza.

June 18, 2007

A Qassam rocket fired from Gaza struck a factory, containing hazardous materials, in Sderot. The attack resulted in a leak of gaseous caustic soda and prompted the response of police, fire-fighting forces, and teams specialized in dealing with hazardous materials who sealed the leak and removed the poisonous materials.

June 20, 2007

Nine Qassam rockets struck the western Negev injuring three with shrapnel and causing shock in at least seven reported cases. In Sderot, rockets damaged two homes and a synagogue. Two of the rockets struck near Kibbutz Nir Am, injuring no one but causing a power outage in the area by damaging a high-tension wire. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for four of the rockets.

July 5, 2007

Three mortars shells and two Qassam rockets were fired into Israel, causing no damage and injures. Hamas and Islamic Jihad both claimed responsibility.

July 8, 2007

Five Qassam rockets struck the Western Negev with three striking near Sapir College. The attack did not result in any reported casualties and caused damage to a building undergoing construction. The Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the armed wing of Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine, claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 8, 2007

Five Qassam rockets are fired into Israel. Four landed in open areas, but one landed near a college in Sderot. Nobody was injured. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

July 9, 2007

Three Qassams are fired into Israel, causing damage but no injuries. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility

July 10, 2007

11 mortar shells are fired into Israeli territory in three separate barrages. Two buildings contained damage, but there were no casualties. One mortar shell landed near the Kerem Shalom Crossing. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

July 12, 2007

Despite the presence of Israeli forces in the Gaza Strip, Islamic Jihad managed to fire a Qassam rocket to Sderot. Nobody was injured.

July 19, 2007

Four Qassam rockets struck southern Israel, damaging several buildings and causing five people to suffer from shock – one of whom required hospitalization.

July 26, 2007

More than 10 mortar shells and Qassam rockets are fired at Israel this week, causing some damage and three injured.

August 1, 2007

Four Qassam rockets fired into Israel, causing some damage.

August 4, 2007

Three Qassam rockets are fired at Sderot, injuring three people.

August 6, 2007

A rocket launched from northern Gaza landed in a kindergarten schoolyard in Sderot, moments after the completion of a Monday afternoon meeting between Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. The Al-Quds Brigades, the military wing of Islamic Jihad, took credit for the attack, which caused damaged to nearby buildings, including two other kindergartens and a public elementary school. The Red Color system was activated.

August 17, 2007

In a rocket barrage, three Qassams and 13 mortar shells are fired into Israel by the Palestinian Islamic Jihad. No casualties or damage were reported.

August 20, 2007

Six members of the armed wing of Hamas fired Qassams and mortar shells into Israeli territory. They were killed while driving back when their vehicle was blown up by an Israeli missile.

August 21, 2007

Two Qassam rockets are fired into Israel, one hitting a kindergarten, injuring and shocking some people.

August 22, 2007

A Qassam rocket landed in Sderot late in the evening, causing no reported damage or casualties.

August 23, 2007

Eight Qassam rockets hit in the Negev. Two landing in Sderot caused minor injuries, anxiety, and damage to a house.

August 27, 2007

A Qassam rocket is fired into Israeli territory. The launcher was destroyed minutes later by an Israeli missile.

August 28, 2007

A Sderot resident is moderately injured by shrapnel from a Qassam rocket which fell on his house in his bedroom. The rest of the family was hiding in the bomb shelter after the Color Red system was activated. The Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack. Seven other Qassams are fired, causing only some damage and two people shocked.

August 29, 2007

Four Qassam rockets are fired into Israel.

August 30, 2007

Three Qassam rockets fired by Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip struck open areas in the western Negev. There was no damage or injuries in either of the attacks.

September 3, 2007

Seven Qassam rockets hit in the Negev. One landed in the courtyard of a Sderot day-care center, damaging a building and causing shock to twelve people, including some infants. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

September 10, 2007

Two Qassam rockets are fired at the Zikim Army Base in Israel near the Gazan Border from Beit Hanun. One of them lands safely in the Negev, but the other lands near unfortified barracks (Zikim military base) at the base where Israeli recruits were sleeping. This resulted in at least 66 wounded, with at least 10 moderately to seriously. 69 soldiers were wounded by the rocket, 60+ of them had only light-to moderate shrapnel wounds, but four of them were injured seriously. One of the four had to have his leg amputated, and another was in a critical condition. Both Islamic Jihad and PRC claimed responsibility. Despite Hamas’ lack of direct responsibility, they called the act a Victory from God.

In retaliation, Israeli choppers flew over the Strip, firing missiles at militant bases, wounding four Islamic Jihad members. The attack harmed both male and female soldiers. Al-Quds Brigades and Islamic Jihad both claimed responsibility for the attacks.

September 18, 2007

Four Qassams rained down on Israeli Gaza border communities. Nobody claimed responsibility.

September 26, 2007

Militants launched more than 12 rockets and 20 mortar shells at Sderot. Hours later, missiles hit a jeep as it crossed a crowded intersection in the Zeitoun neighborhood of Gaza City, killing at least five members of the Army of Islam. The IDF said the jeep was carrying rockets ready for firing.

September 27, 2007

A Qassam launching cell was spotted in the area while Hamas militants were preparing to fire another Qassam rocket. Soldiers opened fire and killed one of them, the rest were able to flee.

October 7, 2007

In a rocket barrage fired by Palestinian militants, eight mortar shells, three Qassam rockets and one Katyusha rocket landed inside Israeli territory. One studio was completely burned down by a mortar shell in Kerem Shalom. The Katushya rocket landed 400 meters from Netivot, 11 km away from the Gaza Strip. It was the first rocket to hit the Netivot area. In the previous week ten Qassam rockets and 20 mortar shells hit the Negev. Nobody was injured in the attacks.

October 22, 2007

More than 15 Qassam rockets are fired into Israel on October 21 and 22, according to the IDF.

October 23, 2007

Eleven Qassam rockets and eight mortar shells hit the Negev. At least five struck Sderot, with one hitting an apartment building. The Salah al-Din Brigades claimed responsibility.

October 24, 2007

A rocket barrage hit the Western Negev, with five Qassam rockets and several mortar shells. None of the rockets inflicted injuries, although a house was burnt down and two people suffered from shock in Sderot.

October 25, 2007

Ten Qassam rockets are launched causing no injuries nor damage.

October 26, 2007

Seven Qassam rockets are fired into Israel. One woman in Sderot suffers from shock.

October 31, 2007

Eight mortar shells are fired into Israel, some of them are fired from a school yard. The IAF had them in sight, but could not fire, an IDF statement reported.

November 1, 2007

In an unprecedented rocket barrage, eight mortar shells and 13 Qassam rockets are fired at the Western Negev within an hour.

November 4, 2007

Three Qassams are fired into Israel causing a blackout. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

November 15, 2007

Two members of the Fatah-affiliated Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades are killed by the IAF while launching Qassams.

November 21, 2007

A rocket barrage of five Qassam rockets and 18 mortar shells hit the Western Negev, including several kibbutzim, Sderot and Ashkelon. A woman in Ashkelon was treated for shock.

November 26, 2007

A Hamas operative is killed as he and his cell were launching Qassams at Sderot. Three Qassams landed inside Israeli territory.

December 2, 2007

A mortar barrage hits a kibbutz, causing some damage.

December 3, 2007

Three more Hamas fighters are killed while trying to launch mortars near Beit Lahiya. They were killed by Armored Corps soldiers.

Four IDF soldiers are hurt as a mortar shell explodes near their base, in Nahal Oz.

December 5, 2007

Three Hamas militants are overnight killed while launching mortars at Sderot. One of the mortars hit a residential building, causing a woman in shock and a lot of damage.

December 12, 2007

About 20 Qassams were lobbed into Israel, lightly injuring three Israeli civilians. 15 people were treated for shock.

December 13, 2007

Two more Qassams are fired into Israel, they moderately injured a woman in Sderot.

Hours after the strike, Israel retaliated with an airstrike in the Gaza Strip, causing three deaths. IDF and Palestinian medics both confirmed all the deaths were militants. Palestinian Islamic Jihad confirmed they lost three of their men, but medics said the three belonged to the small Fatah offshoot which fired two Qassam rockets into Israel hours earlier. Later it became clear that a top commander of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, Sami Tafesh, was killed together with two members of the launching rocket squad of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades.

December 16, 2007

Shrapnel from a rocket lightly to moderately wounds a 2-year-old boy. His mother is treated for shock. The rocket directly hit a house in Kibbutz Zikim.

December 18, 2007

Militants from various Palestinian groups were fired at least 15 Qassam rockets and mortars, causing only some damage.

December 20, 2007

Five Qassam rockets struck Israel at open areas near Sderot and Ashkelon. One of the rockets landed in a schoolyard in Sderot, where 12 pupils had to be treated for shock. The Red Color alert was alarmed and children ran to shelter to protect them from shrapnel.

December 31, 2007

A barrage of 14 mortar bombs and one Qassam rocket landed in open areas in the northern and southern Negev. No damage or injuries were sustained.

January 3, 2008

Palestinian militants fired a long-range Grad Iranian-supplied Katyusha rocket at northern Ashkelon, the longest reach of a Palestinian rocket (16.5 to 20 km). This rocket landed further north than any rocket since the rocket fire began seven years ago – 16.5 kilometers (10 miles). No one was hurt in the attack, though the missile landed only some 50 meters (55 yards) from a residential neighborhood. The Katyusha rocket fired at Ashkelon, a Grad model 122 millimeters (nearly 5 inches) in diameter, was the fifth such rocket fired towards Ashkelon. The use of the Katyusha rocket could bring a quarter million Israelis within rocket range (International Herald Tribune). Israel sent aircraft and tanks to hit buildings used by rocket launchers, killing twelve Palestinians including two to four civilians.

Palestinians responded to Israel’s strikes with a barrage of seven Qassam rockets, one of which hit the yard of a house in the town of Sderot. 25 other rockets were also fired by Palestinians at Israeli towns and forces in the Western Negev.

January 4, 2008

Eight mortar shells were fired by Palestinians at southern Israel.

Palestinians operating from Gaza launched six Qassam rockets at the western Negev on Friday, one of which struck the yard of a home in the town of Sderot, causing damage. One boy was lightly injured and evacuated to a hospital. Several residents suffered from shock.

Meanwhile, a Qassam rockets hit a western Negev open field Friday morning. No damage or injuries were reported.

January 9, 2008

At least ten Qassam rockets and twelve mortar shells were fired into Israel. Two of the twelve Qassam rockets ”directly struck houses” in Sderot. This attack, coincided with the arrival of US President George W. Bush for a three-day visit. One of the missiles slammed into a house, landing in a young child’s bedroom. The three-week-old baby had been taken by his mother to the shelter as soon as the Red Color alert siren sounded.

The Israel Air Force targeted an Islamic Jihad terrorist cell that was firing mortar bombs from Beit Lahiyeh in northern Gaza, killing two terrorists and wounding six others, according to both Israeli and PA sources.

January 10, 2008

At least one Qassam rocket was fired into Israel hitting the Kibbutz Yad Mordechai in the western Negev about ”100 meters from the cafeteria.”

January 13, 2008

Eight mortar bombs were fired at Israel, including one that exploded in Netiv HaAsarah, just north of Gaza, causing damage to a building.

January 15, 2008-January 18, 2008

Twenty-eight rockets hit the western Negev on January 15. One scored a direct hit on a home, wounding five people, including Lior Ben-Shimol, age 5, from Sderot, and a 19-year-old boy who was lightly injured from shrapnel. On January 15, terror emanating from the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip sharply escalated. The Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that than 100 rockets and mortars were fired from Gaza on the Israeli cities of Sderot and Ashkelon on January 15. More than 120 Qassam rockets and 65 mortars were fired towards the Western Negev, in a 72-hour period. The attacks injured more than eight Israelis, and two of the rockets struck near a kindergarten, which was full of children at the time of the attack.

January 18, 2008-January 28, 2008

There were 30 identified rocket hits from January 18 to January 28 (Hamas claimed responsibility for most) and 83 mortar shell hits.

February 5, 2008

An 8-year-old boy and his older brother were seriously wounded Saturday when a rocket from Gaza slammed into the Israeli border town of Sderot. Their mother and a third brother were brought to the hospital suffering shock.

Israeli aircraft had earlier in the day struck twice in Gaza in an effort to thwart the launchings, the army said. One militant was seriously injured, medics said.

February 25, 2008

Palestinian militants fire five Qassam rockets at Israeli towns. One of which fell near a school in Sderot, 10 year old Yossi Chymov, was critically injured in the attack.

February 27, 2008

About 50 Qassam rockets were fired towards the Negev, one of which struck a parking lot near Sapir Academic College, killing 47-year-old student Ron Yahye. Hamas, the Popular Resistance Committees and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad carried this rocket barrage. In addition, they fired for the first time six Iranian built Grad missiles (also known as Katyushas, which actually refers to the original launcher) at the industrial city of Ashkelon. While only a few people were lightly injured, this longer distance attack on a larger Israeli city had a major psychological effect. The Israeli Prime Minister and several other minister vowed a tough response. The IAF retaliated with more airstrikes in Jabalia camp and the northern part of Gaza Strip. About seven killed in the attacks, most of whom were militants, however a six month-old baby was also killed after a missile struck a house in the camp.

February 28, 2008

A 13-month-old Gaza girl was killed by flying shrapnel when a Qassam missile launched from Gaza at Israel fell short and landed near her home.

March 1, 2008

About 50 rockets were fired in a span of 12 hours.

One Israeli 8 year-old had his leg amputated in a rocket attack. One Israeli civilian was killed in a rocket attack in Sderot. A much larger number of civilians were wounded or treated for shock.

March 13, 2008

A Qassam rocket was shot at Ashkelon from Gaza. The rocket, the first in two days, landed in an open area in southern Ashkelon. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, a secular left-wing group, claimed responsibility.

March 19, 2008

Two rockets were fired at the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council.

March 20, 2008

A rocket landed within the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council limits during the Jewish holiday of Purim.

April 17, 2008

Seventeen rockets were fired at the western Negev near Ashkelon.

April 18, 2008

Sixteen Qassam rockets were fired at Israel. One rocket hit power lines and another hit a residential block in Sderot.

April 21, 2008

Palestinian forces operating out of the Gaza Strip on Monday fired at least nine rockets and mortar shells at communities in southern Israel, wounding a four-year-old Israeli boy (light injuries from a piece of shrapnel) and damaging a number of homes.

April 22, 2008

One missile fired from northern Gaza hit the southern industrial zone of the Israeli coastal city of Ashkelon.

April 29, 2008

More than 15 Qassam rockets and 20 mortar shells were fired on Israel throughout the day, with two of the Qassam rockets and eight of the mortar shells landing within and around western Negev towns.

April 30, 2008

At least two rockets fired by Gaza-based Palestinian forces slammed into the southern Israel town of Sderot while local residents were attending a Holocaust memorial ceremony on Wednesday evening.

May 1, 2008

Terrorists from Gaza fired at least 10 rockets at Sderot and neighboring communities. One rocket landed next to an Israeli high school. A number of students suffered from shock.

May 9, 2008

On Friday a 48-year-old Jimmy Kdoshim was killed by a mortar shell while working in his garden in Kibbutz Kfar Aza. Palestinian militants from the Islamist group Hamas, who regularly fire rockets and mortars into Israel from Gaza, claimed responsibility.

May 10, 2008

Two rockets land in Ashkelon; one near a school at 7 AM, shortly before the children would arrive.

May 11, 2008

On Sunday afternoon, the Islamic Jihad’s military wing, the Al-Quds Brigades fired two Qassam rockets at the western Negev. One of the rockets landed at the parking lot of Sapir College, causing a woman to suffer shock and damaging some vehicles. The other rocket landed in Sderot near a bus carrying schoolchildren. Three children suffered shock and were treated by Magen David Adom paramedics. The bus’ windows were shattered and a fire broke out nearby.

May 12, 2008

Shuli Katz, a 70-year-old resident of Kibbutz Gvaram was killed early Monday evening from a Palestinian Qassam rocket which crashed into the backyard of a residential home in Yesha – a small community belonging to the Eshkol Regional Council. A 50-year old man was treated for shock. The Al-Quds Brigades, the military wing of the Islamic Jihad, claimed responsibility for the deadly attack.

May 13, 2008

Five Qassam rockets are fired at Israel.

May 14, 2008

A Katyusha rocket (also referred to as a Grad) was fired into the Israeli city of Ashkelon, it struck a clinic in he third floor of the Huzot shopping mall at 6:00 pm. This attack resulted in three people seriously injured (one was an eight year old girl), two moderately injured and eleven people suffered minor wounds. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command said its fighters launched the rocket.

May 15, 2008

Hours after President Bush’s arrival for a state visit a rocket launched by Gaza militants landed on a shopping mall in Ashkelon, Israel’s southernmost city on the Mediterranean coast, injuring more than 30 people.

May 18, 2008

Some 15 rockets hit the Sderot area on Sunday.

May 19, 2008

A 35-year-old woman was killed and two others wounded Monday evening when a Qassam rocket struck a car in the western Negev town of Sderot. The woman, Shir-El Friedman, was standing next to the car at the time of the strike and was taken to Barzilai Hospital in Ashkelon. Hospital spokeswoman Lea Malul said she died on the way to the hospital.

According to the IDF, a total of 15 rockets were fired at the area on Monday. Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and the Popular Resistance Committees claimed responsibility.

May 24, 2008

Four rockets fired towards western Negev on Saturday, two of them confirmed as longer-range Grads. Residents awaken to first barrage at 6:40 am as the Red Color alter sirens blared. The first two rockets landed in the Nahal Oz region. The two remaining rockets were longer-range Grads. One landed in Netivot and other near Ma’agalim. No injuries or damage reported. Throughout the day barrages of mortar shells were fired from Gaza, most towards IDF forces operating along the border fence.

May 31, 2008

Palestinian militants fired five Qassam rockets from the Gaza Strip. No casualties or damage were reported. A sixth Qassam wounded two migrant workers from Thailand, one moderately and the other lightly, on Saturday morning when a Qassam rocket hit the western Negev greenhouse in which they were working.

June 2, 2008

Seven Qassam rockets and four mortars hit the western Negev desert. Five people were hurt, including two Bedouin farmhands, a farmer and two Thai migrant workers.

June 5, 2008

Hamas fired three mortar shells from Gaza which landed in the Nirlat paint factory in Kibutz Nir Oz killing Amnon Ronsenberg, a 52-year-old father of three on Thursday. Five additional Israelis were injured. Hamas’ Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades claimed responsibility for the firing of the mortar.

June 6, 2008

A barrage of Kassam rockets slammed into the western Negev city of Sderot and the surrounding area on Friday afternoon. One of the Kassams exploded near Sapir College, damaging a building on the campus as well as six cars. Nine mortar bombs were fired at the western Negev in several attacks earlier in the day. A building was damaged, but no one was injured.

June 8, 2008

The Al-Quds Brigades fires four rockets toward southern Israel, lightly injuring a Thai foreign worker.

June 10, 2008

Hamas fires 18 mortar shells toward Israel. The mortars, which were fired in two separate salvos, landed in open areas near Nahal Oz. Another four mortar shells and four Qassam rockets were fired later the same day.

June 11, 2008

Factory workers were evacuated from the area after a fire erupted as a result of two mortars from Gaza landing. One man was lightly wounded from shrapnel.

June 12, 2008

Israel’s Gaza-vicinity communities were hit with dozens of mortars and rockets, apparently as cover to infiltrate the country with an explosives-laden bulldozer. The attempt was stopped.

A 59-year-old Israeli woman was lightly-to-moderately wounded in the Yad Mordechai area on Thursday afternoon as Palestinian terror groups launched a barrage of mortar shells and Qassam rockets against Israeli communities near the Gaza border. At least 40 mortars and 25 Qassams landed in Israel, primarily in the Hof Ashkelon Regional Council, a number of fires have broken out as a result. A member of Kibbutz Nahal Oz told Ynet that residents have currently been instructed to remain in bomb shelters and fortified rooms. One of the mortars landed in Palestinian territory near the Erez crossing, lightly injuring a Palestinian. Magen David Adom paramedics asked to treat the wounded man but were denied access. In addition, a missile, apparently of a type ”Grad” landed near Ashkelon. No injuries were reported but a number of people suffered from shock.

June 16, 2008

A Grad-type rocket fired from the Gaza Strip struck an Ashkelon cemetery leaving one person lightly to moderately wounded. Another rocket exploded inside the city. The victim suffered shrapnel wounds to his neck. Several other people suffered from shock and were treated by emergency medical staff at the scene. Gaza’s Hamas rulers took responsibility for the strike.

June 17, 2008

On Tuesday night, militants launched up to 10 rockets at Israel. Several fell in open areas around the Israeli border town of Sderot, a military spokeswoman said.

June 18, 2008

More than 40 rockets and mortar shells were launched from Gaza towards Sderot. Several hit the town, causing some damage.

June 23, 2008

A single mortar shell was also fired from Gaza late Monday night and landed on the Israeli side of the border fence. No organization claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 24, 2008

Three Qassam rockets fired from Gaza on Tuesday struck the Israeli border town of Sderot and its environs, causing no serious injuries but constituting the first serious breach of a five-day-old truce between Israel and Hamas.

 Islamic Jihad rocket exploding in the distance, breaking the 5-day truce

One rocket landed in a backyard garden of a house while another landed in open ground. Two people were treated for shock.

Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack and said it had been a response to an Israeli military raid in the West Bank city of Nablus at dawn on Tuesday, in which a senior Islamic Jihad operative Tareq Abu Ghali, 24 and another Palestinian university student Iyad Khanfar, 21 were killed. An Israeli Army spokesman said that Abu Ghali had been involved in terrorism and that he was ”killed in an exchange of fire.” The man killed with him was armed, the spokesman said.

The rocket attack occurred hours after Olmert met President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt in the Red Sea resort of Sharm el Sheik to discuss the next steps in the tenuous Egyptian-mediated truce and the renewal of efforts to resolve the case of Gilad Shalit, an Israeli corporal held by Hamas in Gaza since June 25, 2006.

Israeli Defense Ministry decided that Israel would keep the Gaza border crossings closed Thursday, except for special humanitarian cases, in response to Tuesday’s Qassam rocket attacks.

June 26, 2008

A rocket hit an open area of the industrial zone outside Sderot. There were no reports of injuries or damage, according to army sources. The Fatah-affiliated Aksa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack. In a text message sent to reporters, it said ”the truce must include the West Bank and all sorts of aggression must stop.”

On Thursday morning, Hamas accused Israel of violating the terms of the Gaza cease-fire a day after Israeli Defense Ministry decided that Israel would keep the Gaza border crossings closed Thursday, except for special humanitarian cases, in response to Tuesday’s Qassam rocket attacks – ”If the crossings remain closed, the truce will collapse”, Hamas spokesman Sami Abu Zuhri said Thursday morning.

June 27, 2008

Early on Friday, two mortar shells were fired at Israel from the northern Gaza Strip. One landed near Kibbutz Kfar Aza in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council, and the second one hit an open area. There were no reports of injuries or damage in the latest violation of the fragile ceasefire.

Following yesterday’s rocket attack by Aksa Martyrs Brigade a spokesman for the Hamas government, Taher al-Nunu, called Fatah’s actions ”unpatriotic”. He said Hamas was considering the possibility of taking action against those perpetrating the attacks against Israel.

Hamas Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh called Friday on Palestinian factions to adhere to the Gaza Strip lull agreement with Israel. ”The factions and the people accepted the lull in order to secure two interests – an end to aggression and the lifting of the siege. Therefore, we hope that everyone honors this national agreement”, he said following Friday prayers.

June 28, 2008

Mortar shells were fired at the Karni crossing. No one claims responsibility for the attacks. Israel blocks all shipments into Gaza except fuel, in response to the rocket and mortar attacks.

June 30, 2008

A rocket falls near the town of Mefalsim. Nobody claims responsibility for the attack. In response Israel once again closes the crossings that had previously been reopened on June 29, 2008.

July 2, 2008

There were no rocket or mortar attacks so Israel reopens the four Gaza crossings on Wednesday July 2. Since a truce began June 19, Israel has closed the passages a total of six days in retaliation for rocket attacks.

July 3, 2008

A rocket lands in an open area north of Sderot. A previously unknown organization calling itself the ”Badr Forces” claims responsibility for the attack. In response Israel temporarily closes the crossings on July 4, 2008.

July 7, 2008

A mortar shell is fired at Israel from Gaza on Monday and lands near the Karni crossing.

July 8, 2008

Two mortar attacks from Gaza were aimed at the Sufa crossing. One fell just inside Gaza and the other at the crossing. Hours later, militants fired another shell into Israel, causing no casualties or damage, the Israeli military said. No Palestinian group immediately claimed responsibility.

July 10, 2008

Two Qassam rockets were fired at Israel, but caused no damage, after an unarmed Al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades infiltrator was killed at the Kissufim crossing. An Israeli Army spokesman said they fired warning shots and when the man did not stop they killed him. The Al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades vowed revenge and claimed responsibility for the rocket attack.

July 12, 2008

A rocket lands in an open area in Sha’ar Hanegev regional council. Nobody claims responsibility for the attack.

July 13, 2008

Two mortar shells are misfired and they land on the Gaza side of the border security fence in the Nahal Oz region. Nobody claims responsibility for the attack. Israel responds by only closing the Nahal Oz and Sufa crossings.

July 15, 2008

A mortar hit is identified.

July 25, 2008

A rocket misfires and lands in Gaza near the Kissufim crossing.

July 29, 2008

Another rocket is launched from Gaza and mistakenly lands in Gaza.

July 31, 2008

Again, a rocket misfires and lands in Gaza.

August 1-31st, 2008

In the month of August 7 rockets and 12 mortars were fired from Gaza into Israel.

September 1-30th, 2008

The month of September represented a considerable lull in the number of rocket and mortar attacks. In this month, 3 rockets and 2 mortars were fired from Gaza into Israel. They caused no injuries or deaths.

October 11, 2008

A single rocket was launched from Gaza into Israel resulting in no injuries or deaths.

November 4, 2008

Hamas fires 30 Qassam rockets at Israel after an Israeli operation on 4 November to close a 250 meter cross-border abduction tunnel in Gaza. During this operation, 7 Hamas militants were killed.

November 6-12th, 2008

Given the increase in cross-border fire, the truce agreed to five months ago is starting to flounder. Between November 5th and November 12th, 22 rockets and 9 mortars were fired into Israel.

November 12–19, 2008

In this week 62 rockets and 26 mortars were fired from Gaza into Israel. The results of these attacks were that 16 people were wounded, 13 from shock and 3 from light wounds.

November 21, 2008

A rocket hit the Ashkelon industrial area.

November 22–23, 2008

Four Qassam rockets were fired from Gaza into Israel over the weekend.

November 24–25, 2008

Two Qassam rockets landed in Israel.

November 26–27, 2008

Four Qassam rockets landed in the western Negev, one damaging a house on a kibbutz.

December 3, 2008

At least four Qassam rockets and 15 mortar rounds were fired from the Gaza Strip at the western Negev. Islamic Jihad’s Al-Quds Brigades claimed responsibility. One mortar attack damaged an Israeli power cable being used to transfer electricity to the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip.

December 6–7, 2008

At least 20 Qassam rockets and mortar shells fired from the Gaza Strip hit the western Negev over the weekend. One Qassam landed near a Sderot school.

December 12, 2008

Two rockets launched from the Gaza Strip hit open space in Israel a week before a truce is set to expire. The Qassam rockets launched Friday landed in open areas and caused no damage.

December 16, 2008

At least six Qassam rockets and a mortar shell hit Israel hours after Israeli troops killed an Islamic Jihad commander in the West Bank. One of the rockets fired landed in the soccer field of Sderot’s Sapir College. Several people were treated for shock.

December 17, 2008

A Qassam rocket struck the parking lot of a shopping center in Sderot, injuring three Israelis. At least 18 rockets and 6 mortar shells were fired this day on southern Israel, 48 hours before the truce between Israel and the Hamas expired.

December 18, 2008

Hamas declares the end of the 6 Month Truce with Israel. Three rockets are fired at Israel by the Al-Quds Brigades.

December 21, 2008

At least 50 rockets and mortars struck southern Israel since a cease-fire with Hamas ended on December 19. Rockets landed in Ashkelon’s industrial zone, near an elementary school, a youth cultural center in the western Negev and a home in Sderot. A foreign worker was injured. In response, Israeli forces struck at least two rocket launchers in Gaza.

December 22, 2008

Three Qassam rockets were fired at Israel on Monday afternoon and evening, while Hamas had mostly stopped launching rockets at Israel for 24 hours at the request of Egypt.

December 23, 2008

At least five Qassam rockets fired from the Gaza Strip struck the western Negev.

December 24, 2008

More than 60 Qassam rockets and dozens of mortar shells struck homes, factories and a playground in southern Israel. Two longer ranged Grad-type missiles struck a public area in northern Ashkelon. Homes in Kibbutz Shaar Hanegev and Sdot Negev suffered serious damage from direct hits. A rocket also struck next to a playground in Netivot. One factory in the western Negev was hit twice. Several people in those areas were treated for shock.

Two Palestinians were hurt when a rocket that did not clear the security fence at the border landed on a home in a northern Gaza town.

December 26, 2008

A dozen rockets and mortar bombs were fired from Gaza into Israel, one accidentally falling short and striking a northern Gaza house and killing two Palestinian sisters, aged five and thirteen, while wounding a third

Gaza War, Rocket attacks into Israel

After the initial Israeli aerial assault, Hamas quickly dispersed both its personnel and weapons and equipment. The strike range of Hamas rockets had increased from 16 km (9.9 mi) to 40 km (25 mi) since early 2008 with the use of improved Qassam and factory-made rockets. These attacks resulted in civilian casualties and damage to infrastructure. Rockets reached major Israeli cities Ashdod, Beersheba and Gedera for the first time, putting one-eighth of Israel’s population in rocket range. As of January 13, 2009, Palestinian militants had launched approximately 565 rockets and 200 mortars at Israel since the beginning of the conflict, according to Israeli security sources. A source close to Hamas described the movement’s use of stealth when firing: ”They fired rockets in between the houses and covered the alleys with sheets so they could set the rockets up in five minutes without the planes seeing them. The moment they fired, they escaped, and they are very quick.” It is reported that 102 rockets and 35 mortars were fired by Fatah, Hamas’s chief rival.

Besides the rockets fired by the Qassam Brigades of Hamas, other factions claimed responsibility for rockets fired into Israel and attacks on Israeli soldiers, including Al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades (affiliated with Fatah), the Abu Ali Mustapha Brigades, the Quds Brigades and the Popular Resistance Councils. A Fatah official stated that the rocket attacks by his faction contradicted the official position of Mahmoud Abbas, Fatah leader and President of the Palestinian National Authority. Abbas had called on all sides to cease hostilities unconditionally.

Militants fired over 750 rockets and mortars from Gaza into Israel during the conflict. Bersheeba and Gedera were the furthest areas hit by rocket or mortars. The rockets killed three civilians and one IDF soldier and wounded 182 people, with another 584 people suffering from shock and anxiety. The rockets also caused property damage, including damage to three schools. Senior Hamas official Mahmoud al-Zahar stated during the operation ”they [Israeli forces] shelled everyone in Gaza…. They shelled children and hospitals and mosques, … and in doing so, they gave us legitimacy to strike them in the same way.” Human Rights Watch noted in the open letter to Ismail Haniyeh that despite his Foreign Ministry stance as part of response to the Goldstone Report, Palestinian armed groups remain responsible for firing rockets indiscriminately or deliberately at Israeli civilian objects. HRW also noted that Palestinian militants put Palestinian civilians at risk of Israeli counter-attacks by launching rockets from populated areas.

After the war, the Ezz el-Deen al-Qassam Brigades revealed new rockets it used during Israel’s military operation and published pictures of weapons(Tandem and RPG-29 anti-armor rockets) that it could secretly smuggle to Gaza.

Besides being hit with rockets fired from Gaza, Israel experienced other attacks along the borders with Lebanon and Syria.

January 1, 2009-January 18, 2009

The Gaza War, which began in late 2008, ended on January 18, 2009. For Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel during this period, see Gaza War Rocket attacks into Israel.

January 31, 2009

One Grad rocket struck south of Ashkelon after a Color Red alert sounded in the city. The projectile struck an open field in the city. No injuries were reported in the attack.

February 1, 2009

Palestinian militants in Gaza fired at least five Qassam rockets and 14 mortar shells at southern Israel.

Two Israel Defense Forces soldiers and an Israeli civilian were lightly wounded when four mortar shells fired from the Gaza Strip exploded near them in the Sha’ar Hanegev region of the western Negev.

Three rockets struck the Eshkol region, two of them landing in open fields and the third between two kindergartens. A fourth rocket struck an open field in the Sdot Negev Regional Council area and a fifth exploded in Nir Am, near the Gaza border. No casualties or damage were reported in any of the strikes.

Four mortar shells struck the Eshkol region of the western Negev earlier on Sunday, as well. No injuries or damages were caused.

Palestinian militants in Gaza fired at least one Qassam rocket and 3 mortar shells at southern Israel. The Israel Defense Forces said it targeted the gunmen who had fired the mortars.

February 3, 2009

Palestinian militants fired a Grad into Ashkelon on Tuesday. Mayor Benny Vaknin told Israel Radio that a Grad rocket ”struck the heart of a residential neighbourhood”. ”To the best of my knowledge, when it is a Grad rocket, it is from Hamas,” Vaknin said.

February 4, 2009

Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip launched a mortar shell at southern Israel, which exploded in the Eshkol Regional Council. Three people were treated for shock after the attack, but there were no casualties.

February 6, 2009

Palestinian militants fired two rockets from the coastal strip into Israel. The first of the rockets hit the Sha’ar Hanegev region. Three hours later, a rocket hit near the coastal city of Ashkelon. The attacks caused no casualties.

February 8, 2009

Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired a Grad rocket at Ashkelon. The rocket attack on the southern town caused neither casualties nor damage. Earlier that day, a Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip struck the western Negev. The IDF said one car was set ablaze and several others were damaged by shrapnel. No injuries were reported.

February 10, 2009

A Qassam rocket struck the western Negev during the day of the 2009 Israeli legislative election. Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired the rocket just half an hour before the polls were to close.

February 11, 2009

Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip fired four mortar shells at the western Negev [some versions indicate only two mortar shells] during the course of the day Wednesday.

February 13, 2009

Two Qassam rockets and a mortar shell fired by Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip exploded in the western Negev, causing no casualties or damages. One of the rockets struck an open field in the Eshkol Regional Council and about an hour later another hit near the city of Sderot.

February 15, 2009

A rocket struck southern Israel late Sunday night in the Sdot Negev area.

February 16, 2009

Palestinian rockets hit Israel Monday morning. Two rockets fired from Gaza one hitting an open area in the Sha’ar Hanegev region and the other hitting inside a kibbutz in the Sdot Negev region. No injuries were reported in either incident, but some property sustained damage.

IAF jets bombed the Philadelphi route, an area of smuggling tunnels near Gaza’s border with Egypt in response to the rocket fire.

February 18, 2009

On Wednesday, a Qassam rocket hit the western Negev. The rocket exploded in a field in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council, causing no casualties or damages.

February 19, 2009

Five Qassam rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip into the western Negev. Two in the morning hitting the Eshkol region and three in the evening, one hitting near Sderot and the other two near Netivot. The rocket attacks caused neither casualties nor damage. The IAF bombed six smuggling tunnels along the Gaza-Egypt border in response to the morning rocket fire. The attack caused secondary blasts, according to the IDF, which showed that explosives were hit in the airstrike. There were no reports of casualties.

February 20, 2009

Gaza militants fired 10 mortar shells and a Qassam rocket into the western Negev on Friday.

February 21, 2009

A rocket struck Ashkelon.

February 22, 2009

Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip on Sunday fired two mortar rounds at Israel Defense Forces soldiers near the border, Israel Radio reported. Earlier a Qassam rocket hit the western Negev. There were no casualties or damages reported in either incident.

February 23, 2009

Two Qassam rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip into the western Negev. One in the morning landed near Sderot and one in the afternoon landed near a kibbutz.

February 25, 2009

Two Qassam rockets struck the Sha’ar Hanegev region in the western Negev on Wednesday. There were no reports of casualties in either incident. As a response, The Israel Air Force bombed smuggling tunnels under the Gaza-Egypt border. There were secondary explosions, showing they contained weapons material.

February 26, 2009

Three Qassam rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip. One of the rockets damaged two houses in Sderot early in the morning and the other landed near an industrial zone. A woman and her son were treated for shock. In the evening, a rocket struck an open field in the Eshkol Region.

February 27, 2009

Two Qassam rockets were fired from Gaza. One struck the western Negev while the other hit the Sdot Hanegev area. No casualties or damage were reported in the incidents.

February 28, 2009

Ten rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip into Israel. Six rockets targeted Gaza-area communities, two hit Ashkelon, one landed in the Eshkol district and one near the Sdot Negev area. There were no casualties or property damage, with the exception of one rocket that struck an empty schoolyard in Ashkelon. The school itself was severely damaged, with shrapnel hitting some of the classrooms (including areas the Defense Ministry had defined as safe). Several people were treated for shock by paramedics who arrived at the scene. Following the attack, Deputy Mayor Cohen of Ashqelon met with the commander of the Home Front Command Southern District. They decided the school would be closed on the 1st of March, while its students would be sent to an alternative venue. All other schools in the city will function as usual.

March 1, 2009

7 rockets were launched into Israel, one of which struck a yard in Sderot. No one was hurt in any of the attacks.

March 2, 2009

Palestinian militants fired a rocket into the southern city of Ashkelon from the Gaza Strip Monday evening. No one was hurt and no damage was caused in the attack.

March 5, 2009

Palestinian militants launched a barrage of Qassam rockets and mortar rounds into Israel on Thursday. They fired six Qassams from the Hamas-controlled territory into the western Negev; all struck open areas, and caused no damages or injuries. Two mortar shells struck near the Nahal Oz region, also causing no casualties.

Later on the evening, Palestinian militants fired a Grad rocket that struck a synagogue in the southern town of Netivot, causing light damage to the building. The Israel Air Force retaliated shortly after the attack, striking four smuggling tunnels in the southern Gaza Strip, the army said. No one was wounded in the rocket attack on Netivot.

In a statement issued after the strike on the tunnels, the Israel Defense Forces said: ”As the sole authority in the Gaza Strip, Hamas bears full responsibility for all terror originating within its area of control. The IDF will continue to respond to any attempts to destabilize Israel’s South.”

March 7, 2009

At least three rockets were fired from Gaza into Israel, hitting the western Negev.

March 8, 2009

On Sunday morning, militants in Gaza fired four Qassam rockets at the western Negev. Three rockets hit the Eshkol region and one struck the Sdot Negev region. No injuries or damage were reported in any of the incidents, but the early warning siren was not activated, causing panic among some local residents.

The Israel Defense Forces reported they targeted a weapons warehouse used by militants and bombed two smuggling tunnels under the Egypt-Gaza border. Hamas security officials said that the warehouse was empty and no one was injured.

March 10, 2009

Militants fired four rockets at Israel on Tuesday, the IDF said.

On Tuesday morning, militants in Gaza fired two Qassam rockets at the western Negev. No injuries or damage were reported in either of the incidents.

Later two more rockets were fired. The Israel Defense Forces says its aircraft hit a Palestinian rocket squad in Gaza just after the militants fired the rockets. Palestinian security says three people were wounded. The airstrike took place in northern Gaza, the most frequent launching area for rockets.

March 11, 2009

Shortly afterwards, two rockets struck the Eshkol region in the western Negev. The rockets hit open areas, causing no casualties. Later, in the afternoon, two additional Qassam rockets fired from the Gaza Strip hit the western Negev, one of them striking a canister of natural gas in the Sha’ar Hanegev region. The canister did not explode, and no injuries were reported in either incident. Along the day, two Israeli ”women were treated for shock.” in relation with the rockets.

March 13, 2009

Three rockets were fired from Gaza into Israel. One was fired in the morning hitting the Eshkol region. The other two were fired in the evening hitting the western Negev. No injuries or damage were reported.

March 14, 2009

Rockets explode inside Israel in the western Negev.

March 24, 2009

A Qassam rocket was fired at southern Israel from the Gaza Strip. The rocket landed in an open area south of Ashkelon and caused no injuries or damage.

April 1, 2009

Three Qassam rockets were fired by Gaza militants from the Strip into Israel.

April 15, 2009

Palestinian militants fired a Qassam rocket into the western Negev on Wednesday, ending a 2-week lull in cross-border rocket fire. The rocket exploded in the Eshkol region, causing neither casualties nor property damage.

April 30, 2009

Palestinian militants fired a Qassam rocket into southern Israel. The rocket landed near a kibbutz, but ”no injuries or damage” were reported.

May 10, 2009

Palestinian militants fired a Qassam rocket into southern Israel. The rocket landed near a kibbutz, but ”no damage was reported.”

July 16, 2009

Palestinian militants fired a Qassam rocket into southern Israel. The rocket landed in the Sdot Negev region and no damage was reported.

August 9, 2009

Palestinian militants fired mortars into southern Israel. During one round, the mortars landed two mortar shells struck near the Erez Crossing, just yards away from ambulances that were transferring a Palestinian heart patient to Israel for treatment.” During another round, shells ”landed nearby a group of IDF engineers.”

August 24, 2009

Palestinian militants fired mortar shells into southern Israel. The mortar shells landed near an IDF base and injured an Israeli soldiers.

August 29, 2009

A rocket fired by Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip ”landed in the western Negev.”

August 30, 2009

Palestinian militants fired mortar shells into southern Israel. The mortar shells were aimed at the Israeli civilian city of Sderot.

August 31, 2009

Palestinian militants fired rockets into southern Israel. As of the afternoon of 31 August, the landing spot for the projectiles have not been located.

September 3, 2009

Palestinian militants fired mortar shells into southern Israel. The shells ”landed in an open areas in the western Negev.”

September 20, 2009

Palestinian militants fired Qassam rockets into southern Israel, which ”exploded in open areas in the western Negev.”

September 24, 2009

Palestinian militants fired Qassam rockets into southern Israel, which ”hit an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council in southern Israel.”

September 28, 2009

Palestinian militants fired Qassam rockets into southern Israel.

September 29, 2009

Palestinian militants fired Qassam rockets into southern Israel.

October 2, 2009

Palestinian militants from the Gaza Strip fired Qassam rockets into Shaar Hanegev in southern Israel.

November 2, 2009

A Qassam rocket was fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip, landing in an open field in the Shaar Hanegev region. No injuries or damage were reported.

November 13, 2009

A Qassam rocket was fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip, landing in an open field in the Sdot Negev regional. No injuries or damage were reported.

November 21, 2009

A Qassam rocket was fired in the morning at the city of Sderot prior to an agreement among Gaza factions to end the rocket attacks. The rocket landed in an open area in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council causing no injuries or damage.

November 23, 2009

A Qassam rocket was fired at southern Israel 48 hours after Hamas announced ”that it secured an agreement” among Gaza factions to end the rocket attacks. ”[T]he rocket exploded near a kibbutz in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council” causing no reported injuries or damage.

16 December

Two rockets were fired into Israel and landed in an open area near Sderot.

30 December

A Palestinian mortar shell fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip landed in an open area in the Eshkol region. Nobody was wounded and no damage was reported.

31 December

Two Russian-made Grad rockets were fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip, one hitting the city of Netivot at around 9:30 p.m. The Red Color early warning system failed to go off. One woman suffered shock and no damage was reported. The incident marked the first instance since the Gaza War where Palestinian militants used a rocket of this type. The Israel Air Force bombed two smuggling tunnels in the Gaza Strip overnight Friday in response to a rocket fired by Gaza militants that hit the southern Israeli town of Netivot on Thursday evening. Militants from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) claimed responsibility. Israel responded on 1 January by bombing two smuggling tunnels in the Gaza Strip. Palestinian sources said Israel struck several targets, and four people were lightly injured.

January, 2010

According to the Israel Security Agency’s monthly summary, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip launched 13 rockets and 28 mortar shells towards Israel in 26 separate attacks. This represented an increase from December 2009, which saw 9 rockets and 3 mortar shell launchings in 11 separate attacks.

January 1, 2010

Two mortar shells were fired at Israel from the northern Gaza Strip. One of the shells landed in an open area within Sdot Negev Regional Council limits, while the other landed within the Gaza Strip, near the Kerem Shalom border crossing. The Popular Resistance Committees claimed responsibility for the attacks, claiming it had fired a total of five mortars. No casualties or damage were reported. The Color Red alert system did not sound.

January 5, 2010

At about noon, a Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in the Eshkol Regional Council. No casualties or damage were reported. In response, within an hour Israel carried out an airstrike on two tunnels in the Gaza Strip.

January 6, 2010

Militants in the southern Gaza Strip were allegedly preparing to launch a rocket attack against Israel when they were hit in an Israeli airstrike. One militant was killed and three were wounded. They were said to belong to the Popular Resistance Committees.

January 7, 2010

At least ten mortar shells were launched from the Gaza Strip, in separate incidents beginning around 7:45 am. Seven shells hit open areas in southern Israel, most of them landing between the Kerem Shalom border crossing and a community in the Eshkol Regional Council. Three shells landed within the Gaza Strip. No one was wounded and no damage was reported. Immediately after the firing, the residents of Kibbutz Kerem Shalom were asked to enter a fortified area, where they stayed for about half an hour. The Popular Resistance Committees claimed responsibility for the attack, saying it was in revenge for an Israeli air strike several days earlier that killed two of the group’s fighters. The Israeli Defense Ministry responded by closing the Kerem Shalom border crossing until further notice, delaying trucks headed from Israeli into the Gaza Strip.

Militants in the Gaza Strip fired an anti-tank missile at Israeli soldiers near the border. The soldiers returned fire toward the source of the attack. No casualties were reported.

A Katyusha rocket launched from the Gaza Strip landed in an open field south of Ashkelon. No casualties or damage were reported. However, the projectile triggered air sirens throughout the area, causing panic among the residents. The Israeli Air Force responded by striking four targets in the Gaza Strip later that night, including several smuggling tunnels in the southern part of the territory, a tunnel which the army said was intended for infiltration of terrorists into Israel, and a weapons manufacturing facility. Palestinians said three men were killed and two were wounded in the strikes.

January 8, 2010

In the evening, two Qassam rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip and landed in open areas within the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. The Color Red alert system was sounded in nearby Sderot and in other communities. No injuries or damage were reported.

January 9, 2010

Early in the morning, a mortar shell was fired from the Gaza Strip and landed in an open area within the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

January 10, 2010

At around 4:20 pm, Palestinians fired four mortar shells at a community south of Ashkelon. All the shells landed within the Gaza Strip. No injuries or damage were reported.

In the evening, militants in the Gaza Strip were preparing to fire rockets into Israel when they were struck by an Israeli Air Force air-to-ground missile. Three senior Palestinian Islamic Jihad operatives were killed and five militants were wounded. The three killed were senior Islamic Jihad field commander Awad Nuseir, Hassan al-Qatrawi and Huzaeifa el-Hams.

January 20, 2010

According to a morning update on the IDF Hebrew language website, a Qassam rocket was fired at Israel overnight and exploded in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

February, 2010

According to the Israel Security Agency’s monthly summary, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip launched 5 rockets and 5 mortar shells towards Israel in 9 separate attacks.

February 2, 2010

A Qassam rocket launched from the Gaza Strip detonated in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. The Color Red warning system sounded in a number of towns in the vicinity. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded to the attack and to a separate explosive barrel attack with air strikes on a weapons smuggling tunnel under the Gaza Strip’s Philadelphi Corridor.

February 3, 2010

A Qassam rocket launched from the Gaza Strip detonated near the border fence on farmland in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council, near Sderot. No injuries or damage were reported.

February 7, 2010

A Qassam rocket launched from the Gaza Strip exploded in an open area near Sderot. The Color Red warning system sounded in the surrounding areas. No injures or damage were reported.

February 12, 2010

A Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in an open area between Shaar Hanegev Regional Council and Ashkelon Coast Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

March, 2010

According to the Israel Security Agency’s monthly summary, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip launched 35 rockets and 6 mortar shells towards Israel in 30 separate attacks.

March 11, 2010

A rocket launched from the northern Gaza Strip hit an abandoned workshop in Kibbutz Nirim in the Eshkol Regional Council, located several meters from residents’ homes. The rocket damaged the building but caused no casualties. Ansar al-Sunna, a Palestinian Salafist organization affiliated with al-Qaida, claimed responsibility for the attack. In response, the following day Israel carried out an airstrike on a weapons laboratory and a weapons-smuggling tunnel in the Gaza Strip, wounding several people.

Later the same day, two more rockets were launched from the Gaza Strip at Israel, but landed within the Gaza Strip near the border fence.

March 13, 2010

In the evening, a rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council.

March 16, 2010

Two mortar shells were fired from the Gaza Strip into Israel, but missed their intended target and fell within the Gaza Strip. No injuries or damage were reported. The explosions were heard in the Sha’ar Hanegev area.

March 17, 2010

In the evening, a Qassam rocket launched from the Gaza Strip exploded in an open area between Sderot and a kibbutz belonging to the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. Two people, including a young girl, suffered from shock and were treated by a Magen David Adom emergency crew. The Color Red alert system was activated in Sderot before the explosion.

March 18, 2010

A Qassam rocket fired at around 1 am hit an open area north of Sderot. No injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red alarm system sounded in Sderot.

A Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip slammed into a greenhouse in Netiv Haasara, a cooperative agricultural community in the Hof Ashkelon Regional Council. Manee Singmueangphon, a 33-year-old Thai agricultural guest worker, was killed in the explosion, and 50 additional Thai workers suffered from shock. Ansar al-Sunna, a small, al-Qaida-inspired Salafist militant group, claimed responsibility for the attack, calling it a response to Israel’s ”Judaization” of Islamic holy places, without clarifying what acts it was referring to. The Aksa Martyrs Brigades, the military wing of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ Fatah party, independently claimed responsibility later. Islamist militant group Hamas, the de-facto ruling authority in Gaza, said that ”the government of the Zionist enemy” (Israel) bore responsibility for the attack. (See Associated Press video of the attack)

The rocket was fired half an hour after European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs Lady Catherine Ashton entered the Gaza Strip on a visit. The attack was condemned by Ashton, by the United Kingdom and by United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki Moon, the latter calling it an ”act of terror” and ”violence against civilians”. The United States and Russia condemned the attack as well, in a statement by the Middle East Quartet. Human Rights Watch said that Hamas has the responsibility to stop indiscriminate rocket fire into Israel.

Ashkelon Coast Regional Council Chairman Yair Farjun said, ”The international community must wake up. We have left Gaza, so what do the Palestinians want now? All of these incidents are happening… because the Palestinians want all Jews out of this land and seek the destruction of Israel”. Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Danny Ayalon said that the attacks were the result of Hamas incitement to violence and a natural consequence of the Goldstone report, adding that Israel still seeks peace but would continue to defend its citizens.

Israel responded to the attack by carrying out airstrikes on six targets in the Gaza Strip: three weapons-smuggling tunnels on the Egyptian border, a weapons production facility and two tunnels intended for infiltration into Israel to carry out attacks. Two Palestinians were reportedly wounded in the strikes. Israel also sent a letter of complaint to United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and the UN Security Council. There was no report of a response.

March 19, 2010

A Qassam rocket launched from the Gaza Strip landed in the Sha’ar Hanegev area. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded to the attack by carrying out airstrikes on a Hamas facility near Dahiniyeh in the southern Gaza Strip and on two weapons-smuggling tunnels under the Gaza-Egypt border. Palestinians said that fourteen people were injured in the second strike.

March 20, 2010

Four Qassam rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip, causing the Color Red alarm to sound several times and forcing residents in southern Israel to take cover in secure rooms. The first rocket landed in an open area in the Hof Ashkelon Regional Council. Shortly after the strike, a second rocket landed in an open area near Sderot, activating the Color Red alarm in the Sderot region and in the Ashkelon area. A third rocket landed within the Gaza Strip near Kissufim. In the evening, a fourth rocket landed in an open area in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported in any of the attacks.

March 21, 2010

In the evening, a Qassam rocket fired from the northern Gaza Strip struck an open field in a kibbutz south of Ashkelon, in the Hof Ashkelon Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. Ashkelon’s Deputy Mayor Shlomo Cohen said, ”We are witnessing a deterioration whereby the rockets are getting closer and closer to Ashkelon. This merely validates our fears and demands for the fortification of educational institutions.”

A second rocket fired in the evening fell within the Gaza Strip.

Israel responded to the attacks by carrying out an airstrike on a smuggling tunnel in the southern Gaza Strip. No injuries were reported.

March 22, 2010

Two Qassam rockets were fired at Israel. One rocket exploded in an open area around noon, and several hours later another rocket landed within the Gaza Strip, near the Erez crossing. Israel responded to the attack and to attacks in previous days by carrying out an airstrike on a weapons storage facility in Gaza City that night. Palestinians said four civilians were lightly injured from shrapnel, though the facility was empty at the time.

March 23, 2010

A Qassam rocket fired from the northern Gaza Strip exploded near a parking lot in the heart of a populated zone in the Hof Ashkelon Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded to the attack and to other attacks in recent days by carrying out an airstrike on a weapons warehouse in the northern Gaza Strip that night. No injuries were reported.

March 26, 2010

A rocket was fired from the Gaza Strip into Israel, according to the IDF. No injuries or damage were reported.

March 27, 2010

In the morning, two Qassam rockets were fired at Israel. The first landed within the Gaza Strip. The second, fired from the northern Gaza Strip, landed near a kibbutz in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council. The Color Red alarm was activated in the area shortly before the rocket exploded. No injuries or damage were reported.

March 29, 2010

A Qassam rocket launched from the Gaza Strip landed in an open area within the Eshkol Regional Council during the eve of Passover. No injuries or damage were reported, and the Color Red alarm did not sound. Israel did not immediately respond to the attack.

April, 2010

According to the Israel Security Agency, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip launched 18 mortar shells and 5 rockets at Israel in 15 separate attacks.

April 1, 2010

At night, a Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in an open area in the Hof Ashkelon Regional Council, near Ashkelon, causing damage but no injuries. Israel responded by carrying out airstrikes on four targets in the Gaza Strip used as arms storage and weapons manufacturing sites. These included a guard post of Hamas’s armed wing in an open area near Khan Younis, a metal foundry in Nusseirat, a facility in Gaza City’s Sabra neighborhood identified by Palestinians as the Daloul cheese factory, and a nearby warehouse. According to a Palestinian official, five people including three children were lightly injured.

April 3, 2010

In the afternoon, a mortar shell fired from the northern Gaza Strip landed in an open area near an Israeli community in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine claimed responsibility for the attack, stating that it was carried out ”in response to Zionist crimes”.

April 4, 2010

In the late evening, a Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip hit an open space in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The fire came several hours after Israel allowed trucks stocked with goods into the strip.

April 7, 2010

Six mortars were fired from the northern Gaza Strip toward the Eshkol region of Israel, but all fell within the Gaza Strip. One of the mortars hit a house in Beit Hanoun, sending shrapnel flying and lighting a small fire inside. Six Palestinians were injured, one of them seriously. The attack came two days after Islamic Jihad in Gaza announced that it would cease firing rockets into Israel, and several days after Hamas announced it would try to reduce attacks.

April 8, 2010

Militants in the Gaza Strip opened fire at Israeli soldiers on the Israeli side of the border fence near Kibbutz Kissufim, shelling them with at least three mortar bombs and two RPG anti-tank projectiles. The soldiers were conducting a routine patrol. No injuries were reported.

April 12, 2010

On Holocaust Memorial Day, Palestinian militants fired two rockets at Israel from the Gaza Strip. One fell in the Sha’ar Hanegev region, the other near the Gaza border fence. No injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red alarm did not sound.

April 15, 2010

At night, a Qassam rocket fired by militants in the Gaza Strip hit an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

April 22, 2010

Before dawn, three 122mm Grad rockets were fired from the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt at the resort town of Eilat at the extreme south of Israel. One rocket exploded in the neighboring town of Aqaba in Jordan, destroying an empty refrigerator warehouse. The other two rockets fell into the Red Sea. No injuries were reported. No group claimed responsibility, but it was later determined that Hamas was behind the attack.

May, 2010

According to the Israel Security Agency’s monthly summary, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip launched 14 rockets and 7 mortar shells at Israel in 17 separate attacks.

May 8, 2010

A Qassam rocket fired from the northern Gaza Strip exploded south of Ashkelon, in an open area in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council. The Color Red alarm sounded in several nearby communities. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded the following day by carrying out airstrikes on two targets in the Gaza Strip. No injuries were reported.

May 19, 2010

In the evening, at the end of the Shavuot holiday, a Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed near Ashkelon, hitting an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. Ansar al-Sunnah, a Salafist militant group, claimed responsibility for the attack. Israel responded by carrying out airstrikes on three Gaza Strip border tunnels, one in the north and two in the south, which the IDF said were intended for transporting terrorists into Israel. No injuries were reported.

May 25, 2010

Two mortar shells were fired from the Gaza Strip at the Netiv Ha’asara area, near Ashkelon. At night, two additional mortar shells were fired at Israel, with one exploding in the Sha’ar Hanegev area and the other exploding within the Gaza Strip. No injuries or damage were reported in either of the attacks, and the Color Red alarm did not sound. Israel responded later that night by carrying out airstrikes on two Gaza Strip border tunnels, one in the north and one in the south. The IDF said the tunnels were intended for carrying out terrorist attacks within Israel.

May 26, 2010

In the late evening, a Qassam rocket fired at Israel exploded in an open area in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council. The Color Red alarm sounded in an adjacent community. Later in the evening, two mortar shells were fired at Israel but landed within Gaza strip, adjacent to the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported in either of the incidents.

May 28, 2010

Shortly after 12 am, two Qassam rockets launched from the northern Gaza Strip exploded on a road in the Shaar Hanegev industrial zone, near the city of Sderot. The blast shattered the windows of a nearby building, and shrapnel from the explosion damaged a nearby truck. No injuries were reported. The Color Red alarm sounded throughout the city of Sderot. Israel responded to the attack, and to a separate attempt by Gaza gunmen to infiltrate Israel, with two airstrikes, one on a weapons production facility in the north and one on a border tunnel in the south. The IDF said the tunnel was intended for carrying out terrorist attacks within Israel. No injuries were reported.

June, 2010

According to the Israel Security Agency’s monthly summary, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip launched 14 rockets and 17 mortar shells towards Israel in 22 separate attacks.

June 1, 2010

Overnight, a Qassam rocket exploded among greenhouses in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council, damaging a greenhouse. No injuries were reported. The Color Red alarm did not sound, but the explosion was heard in the area.

Later that day, three militants from Palestinian Islamic Jihad fired two rockets into southern Israel, which landed in open areas and caused no injuries. According to the group, its militants were killed shortly after the attack by an Israeli airstrike.

June 3, 2010

Around 9 pm, two Qassam rockets exploded in an open area south of Ashkelon. Another rocket landed in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council, near a kibbutz. A fourth rocket caused the Color Red alarm to sound in Sderot, and apparently landed in an open area near the city.

June 14, 2010

Around 11:30 pm, a Qassam rocket exploded in an open area in Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

June 24, 2010

Eight mortars and one rocket were fired at Israeli communities. Around 1:30 pm, three mortar shells exploded in open areas in the Hof Ashkelon Regional Council. Around 5:30 pm, three additional mortar shells were fired from the Gaza Strip but fell on the Palestinian side of the border fence, in the vicinity of the Erez crossing. Later, two more mortar shells exploded south of a kibbutz in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. Shortly after that, a Qassam rocket exploded near a kibbutz north of the Gaza Strip. No injuries or damage were reported in any of the attacks. Israel responded by carrying out three airstrikes in the Gaza Strip, targeting a weapons cache in the north and two smuggling tunnels in the south.

June 28, 2010

A mortar shell fired from the northern Gaza Strip landed between two kibbutzim in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council, causing no injuries or damage. Later in the day, a militant from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine fired mortar shells from eastern Gaza City at Israeli soldiers operating on the Israeli side of the nearby border fence, damaging a military vehicle but causing no injuries. The man was killed on the scene by Israeli aircraft fire.

June 30, 2010

At about 4 am, a Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip hit a packaging factory inside a community in the Sdot Negev Regional Council, badly damaging it. Israel responded with airstrikes on several targets in the Gaza Strip, including a weapons manufacturing facility in the north and a terrorist infiltration tunnel in the south. No injuries were reported.

July, 2010

According to the Israel Security Agency, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip launched 13 rockets and 10 mortar shells at Israel in 17 separate attacks.

July 24, 2010

Four rockets and two mortar shells were fired on Israel. No injuries were reported. One of the rockets, which landed near Kibbutz Nahal Oz in the evening, was of an unknown type and appeared to have been made outside the Gaza Strip. On the same day a fifth rocket was found unexploded in a kibbutz in the Shaar HaNegev Regional Council area; this rocket was thought to have been launched the previous night and to have reached Israel without setting off the Color Red alarm system. Israel responded two days later by carrying out airstrikes on a weapons manufacturing site in the northern Gaza Strip and two weapons smuggling tunnels in the South.

July 30, 2010

Just after 8:30 am, a Grad missile fired from Beit Hanoun exploded in a residential neighborhood in the heart of the Israeli resort city of Ashkelon. Eight people suffered shock. Two empty floors of an apartment building, several cars and a nearby pavement sustained damage, while many windows were shattered. The Color Red alert system was heard across the city prior to the rocket landing allowing residents to enter protected areas. Police urged residents to remain indoors for fear of additional attacks. Ashkelon Mayor Benny Vaknin and the local parents’ committee expressed unwillingness to begin the school year until children were protected from rockets with fortifications. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack. United Nations Middle East envoy Robert Serry said indiscriminate rocket fire against civilians was completely unacceptable, and constituted a terrorist attack.

Around 12:30 pm, two additional mortar shells struck a location variously reported as in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council or the Eshkol Regional Council.

Israel responded that night with airstrikes on a Hamas site in the northern Gaza Strip, a weapons manufacturing warehouse in the center of the territory, and a weapons smuggling tunnel in the South. The second strike, near Nuseirat, killed senior Hamas military commander and rocket maker Issa al-Batran, and wounded nine. Hamas vowed revenge for al-Batran’s death.

July 31, 2010

A Qassam rocket fired from the northern Gaza Strip directly hit the roof of a daycare center for disabled people outside of Sderot, in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council. The building was empty at the time and no injuries were reported, but most of its second story was destroyed. The Color Red siren sounded prior to the explosion. Israel responded that night with airstrikes on two Gazan tunnels, a weapons smuggling tunnel under the Gaza-Egypt border and a tunnel under the Gaza-Israel border used to assault Israeli territory. Israel also filled a complaint to the United Nations, stating that rocket attacks against civilians and civilian property constitute a war crime and a crime against humanity. As of early August, no response from the United Nations was reported.

August, 2010

According to the Israel Security Agency’s monthly summary, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip launched 14 rockets and 17 mortar shells towards Israel in 19 separate attacks.

August 2, 2010

Seven Grad missiles of Iranian manufacture hit the resort city of Eilat at the extreme South of Israel, as well as the neighboring city of Aqaba in Jordan and surrounding areas. The missiles were determined to have been launched by Hamas militants operating in the nearby Sinai Peninsula in Egypt. In Aqaba, one Jordanian citizen was killed and three more were wounded. No injuries or damage were reported in Eilat.

August 16, 2010

Two Qassam rockets fired from the northern Gaza Strip landed in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The attack occurred two hours after a border incident in which two Palestinian militants attempted to place a bomb along the Israel-Gaza fence, leading to a clash in which one of the militants, senior Islamic Jihad operative Basem Da’ma, was killed and an Israeli soldier was injured.

August 17, 2010

In the morning, militants from the Popular Resistance Committees fired two mortar shells at IDF soldiers carrying out engineering work in the Eshkol Regional Council, near the area where the previous day’s border incident took place. Two IDF soldiers were lightly injured. The soldiers returned fire at the source of the launches, causing no reported injuries or damage. Israel responded with airstrikes on a weapons workshop and three smuggling tunnels in the Gaza Strip. No injuries were reported.

August 25, 2010

A 60-millimeter mortar shell fired from the northern Gaza Strip exploded in an open area near a border kibbutz in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red alarm did not sound.

September, 2010

According to the Israel Security Agency’s monthly summary, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip launched 16 rockets and 23 mortar shells towards Israel in 30 separate attacks.

September 4, 2010

A Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in Sderot. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded to the attack and to separate Hamas shooting attacks in the West Bank with airstrikes on three tunnels in the Gaza Strip: two smuggling tunnels under the border with Egypt and a kidnapping tunnel under the border with Israel. According to Hamas, two people were killed in the collapse of one of the smuggling tunnels.

September 6, 2010

In the morning, a mortar shell fired from the Gaza Strip landed in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

September 7, 2010

Around 2 am, a Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip struck Sderot. No injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red alarm sounded in Sderot and the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council.

September 8, 2010

In the morning, on the eve of the Jewish New Year, a mortar shell fired from the Gaza Strip fell in a kibbutz in the southern part of the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council, exploding near several children’s school buildings. One of the buildings, a kindergarten with a fortified roof but without fortified walls, was lightly damaged. The strike occurred 30 minutes before the children were due to arrive, and there were no injuries. Studies resumed normally.

September 9, 2010

On the first day of the Jewish New Year, a Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in an open area in the Sdot Negev Regional Council. In the evening, a Qassam rocket landed in an open area in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. The Color Red alarm sounded and the explosion was heard in the area. No injuries or damage were reported in either of the attacks. That night, Israel responded to the attacks of the day and of the previous day with airstrikes on at least four terror-related targets in the Gaza Strip, including a Hamas headquarters in Gaza City and a smuggling tunnel in the southern part of the territory. Two members of the Hamas security forces were wounded.

September 10, 2010

In the morning, on the second day of the Jewish New Year, a Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip exploded in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

September 12, 2010

In the morning, two rockets fired from the Gaza Strip fell in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council, one in a kibbutz orchard and the other in an open area. No injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red alarm failed to sound. The Popular Resistance Committees claimed responsibility, saying the action was in retaliation for Israeli attacks against Gaza civilians, without specifying what they were referring to.

September 13, 2010

In the early morning, two Qassam rockets fired from the Gaza Strip exploded in an open area in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red alarm sounded in the area. The attack followed a border incident that took place in the northern Gaza Strip the previous evening, in which one Palestinian who had raised a rocket launcher was killed by IDF soldiers along with two civilians standing by at close distance.

September 15, 2010

Around 1 am, two Qassam rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip. One rocket exploded in an open area within Ashkelon’s southern industrial zone. The second rocket was not located. The Color Red alarm did not sound, but the explosion was heard by Ashkelon residents. This was the first time in over a month that Gazan terrorists had fired towards the coastal city.

Throughout the day, nine mortar bombs fired from the Gaza Strip hit open areas in the Eshkol Regional Council: two fell in the early morning, four at midday and three in the afternoon. Two of the mortars were phosphorus bombs, but police said that they posed no greater danger than regular mortars. No injuries or damage were reported in any of the attacks, which came a day after Ahmed Jaabari, leader of Hamas’ military wing, issued a statement threatening a wave of violence intended to derail the recently renewed Israeli-Palestinian peace talks.

Israel responded at midday with an airstrike on a smuggling tunnel in the southern Gaza Strip, near Rafah. According to Palestinian sources, one 21-year-old man who was in the tunnel was killed and two others were wounded. Israel responded again that night with airstrikes on two Gaza Strip weapons storage sites, one in the north and one in the south. No injuries were reported. The Israeli government also filed a complaint to the United Nations over the phosphorus shells, as did Haim Yalin, head of the Eshkol Regional Council.

September 20, 2010

At night, a Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

September 21, 2010

A few hours after Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu toured the rocket-stricken cities of Ashkelon and Sderot, a Qassam rocket was fired from the gaza Strip at Israel. The rocket landed within the Gaza Strip, causing no injuries or damage. The Color Red alarm did not sound, but the explosion was heard by residents of a nearby Israeli kibbutz in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council.

September 24, 2010

At about 6 am on the second day of the Jewush Sukkot holiday, a Qassam rocket was shot from the northern Gaza Strip towards Israel. The rocket exploded within the Gaza Strip, causing no reported injuries or damage. The Color Red alarm sounded in one of the communities in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council.

September 27

At about 11:45 pm, three Palestinian Islamic Jihad militants were killed by an Israeli drone strike as they were preparing to fire rockets into Israel. The incident took place at a militant observation outpost in Bureij in the central Gaza Strip.

October, 2010

According to the Israel Security Agency’s monthly summary, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip aunched 3 rockets and 20 mortar shells towards Israel in 13 separate attacks.

October 2, 2010

A mortar shell fired from the Gaza Strip exploded in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

October 6, 2010

Two Qassam rockets were fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip. One exploded in an open field near a kibbutz in the Eshkol Regional Council. The other landed within the Gaza Strip, near the border fence. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded shortly after midnight with airstrikes on a Hamas training camp in Gaza City and a second, unspecified location. Palestinian sources said four people were injured.

October 9, 2010

A mortar shell fired from the Gaza Strip landed in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The Popular Resistance Committees claimed responsibility for the attack, saying that it fired on Israeli soldiers who had entered Beit Lahiya in the Gaza Strip. The statement did not explain why the mortar landed in Israel.

October 14, 2010

A Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in an open area south of Ashkelon, causing no injuries or damage, according to The Jerusalem Post and Nana 10. At the same time, Ynet reported a false alarm sounding in Ashkelon, though it was not clear whether this indicated that no rocket attack occurred or merely that the attack did not threaten Ashkelon. Other media and the IDF did not report a rocket attack.

October 17, 2010

A Hamas squad in the northern Gaza Strip was preparing to launch rockets into Israel when it was targeted in an Israeli airstrike. Two militants were killed.

October 21, 2010

In the afternoon, a mortar shell fired from the Gaza Strip exploded in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

October 24, 2010

In the evening, three mortar shells were fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip. One landed in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council, and the other two exploded within the Gaza Strip. No injuries or damage were reported. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility, saying it had fired four mortar shells toward an Israeli force operating in Al-Qarara in the Gaza Strip. No actual Israeli activity in the area was reported in the media or by the IDF.

October 25, 2010

In the late morning, five mortar shells were fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip. Two shells landed in open areas in the Eshkol Regional Council, and the other three landed in open areas within the Gaza Strip. No injuries or damage were reported.

October 27, 2010

A mortar shell fired from the Gaza Strip exploded in an open area near a kibbutz in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

October 28, 2010

In the afternoon, a mortar shell fired from the Gaza Strip landed in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

October 30, 2010

Two mortar shells fired from the Gaza Strip landed in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

November, 2010

According to the Israel Security Agency’s monthly summary, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip launched 5 rockets and 28 mortar shells at Israel in 16 separate attacks.

November 6, 2010

In the morning, a Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip hit an open area in the Sdot Negev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The Popular Resistance Committees claimed responsibility. Israel responded with two airstrikes, one targeting smuggling tunnels under the Gaza-Egypt border and another on a site in Khan Yunis. Palestinians said one person was hurt by broken glass in the first strike.

November 9, 2010

In the late morning, two mortar shells were fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip. One landed in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council, and the other landed within the Strip. No injuries or damage were reported.

November 16, 2010

In the early afernoon, a Qassam rocket was found in a field of kibbutz in the Sdot Negev Regional Council. The rocket was thought to have been fired during the night. No injuries were reported, but significant damage was caused.

November 18, 2010

In the afternoon, three mortar shells fired from the Gaza Strip hit open areas in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

In the evening, a Qassam rocket fired from the central Gaza Strip hit an open area, also in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. Both attacks occurred the same day that the Army of Islam, a Gazan group linked to al-Qaeda, released a statement saying that ”aggressor Jews” will not be safe from rockets and other attacks until they ”leave the land of Palestine”.

November 19, 2010

During the night, two Palestinian Qassam rockets landed in the Merhavim Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

The escalation in rocket attacks continued when at around 3:15 am, a Grad rocket fired from the Gaza Strip exploded next to a cattle shed in the Merhavim Regional Council, slightly north of Ofakim. Three cows were injured and the cattle shed sustained damage. No human injuries were reported.

At around 4:30 am, a Palestinian Qassam rocket fired in the direction of the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council fell within the Gaza Strip. No injuries or damage were reported.

In the afternoon, three Palestinian mortar shells hit open areas in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

An hour later, four Palestinian white phosphorus mortar shells hit open areas in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The Popular Resistance Committees caimed responsibility, stating that the attack was in response to the IDF assassination of two militant leaders of the Army of Islam, an al-Qaeda affiliated group, earlier that week.

Israel responded that evening with airstrikes on three terror-related targets in the Gaza Strip: a deserted building in Deir al-Balah and two sites in Khan Yunis, one of which was an Islamic Jihad training base. Palestinians said that six people were injured in the Deir al-Balah strike. Just before midnight, Israel carried out an additional airstrike on a smuggling tunnel in the southern part of the Strip, causing no injuries. Israel also filed an official complaint with the United Nations.

November 28, 2010

A Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip exploded in mid-air in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

December, 2010

According to the Israel Security Agency’s monthly summary, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip launched 15 rockets and 38 mortar shells towards Israel in 30 separate attacks.

December 6, 2010

After nightfall, a Qassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in an open area near Ashkelon, in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council. The Color Red alarm sounded in the city and in surrounding communities, and residents were instructed to enter fortified rooms. No injuries or damage were reported. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) claimed responsibility for the attack, declaring that the projectile marked the anniversary of the PFLP’s establishment and that the group would continue to oppose ”Israel’s occupation”.

December 7, 2010

Two mortar shells fired from the Gaza Strip exploded in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. That night, Israel responded to the attack and to the previous day’s rocket attack with airstrikes on a weapons warehouse and a smuggling tunnel in the southern Gaza Strip. No injuries were reported.

December 8, 2010

In the afternoon, a mortar shell fired from the Gaza Strip landed in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council, damaging a home in an unidentified kibbutz. No injuries were reported.

Around 11 pm, Palestinians fired five mortar shells from the northern Gaza Strip into the Eshkol Regional Council. Near Kerem Shalom, a man suffered light wounds to his upper body from one of the mortars. After being treated by IDF forces on the scene, he was airlifted to the Soroka Medical Center. Local residents were instructed to enter fortified areas.

Israel responded overnight with airstrikes on a Hamas weapons facility in the central Gaza Strip, a Hamas training site in the East and an empty structure in Al-Meghraqa, south of Gaza City. No injuries were reported.

December 11, 2010

Palestinians fired a Qassam rocket from the Gaza Strip into an open field near a kibbutz in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council. The Color Red alarm sounded in the area. No injuries or damage were reported.

December 18, 2010

East of Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip, five militants from Islamic Jihad and the Popular Resistance Committees were killed by an Israeli airstrike as they were preparing to fire rockets into Israel.

December 19, 2010

Palestinians fired two mortar shells from the Gaza Strip into the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

In the evening, Palestinians fired two additional mortar shells from the Gaza Strip into the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

The Popular Resistance Committees claimed responsibility for mortars fired into Israel that day, saying it had fired nine shells at a group of tanks near Kerem Shalom and two mortars at an army post. The group said the attack was in response to ”Israeli crimes”, citing an airstrike against its militants the previous day (see above). However, the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine also said it fired three mortars at an Israeli army base that day in retaliation for the same airstrike.

December 20, 2010

In the afternoon, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired seven mortar shells into the Eshkol Regional Council.

Several hours later, Palestinians fired two or three additional mortar shells at open areas in unspecified regions in Israel. No injuries or damage were reported in either barrage.

The Popular Resistance Committees claimed responsibility for mortar firing that day, saying it had fired ten shells at a military site in retaliation for the Israeli airstrike of 18 December (see above). Israel responded overnight with airstrikes on seven alleged terror targets in the Gaza Strip, which it detailed as: three Hamas-operated tunnels in the north, and an additional Hamas-operated tunnel, a smuggling tunnel, a weapons manufacturing facility and a terror activity center in the south. According to Palestinians, two Hamas militants were injured, but the accuracy of this report was unclear.

December 21, 2010

At about 8 am, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a Qassam rocket at Kibbutz Zikim in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council. The projectile exploded several yards from a kindergarten as parents were bringing their children to it. No one was hurt at the preschool, but a 14-year-old girl in a nearby building was moderately injured in the leg by flying glass. Several other people suffered from shock. A staff member said the children would not be evacuated because the kindergarten was inside a bomb shelter to begin with. The Army of Islam, a group espousing global jihad and affiliated with al-Qaeda, claimed responsibility for the attack. The group said that it was responding ”to the massacres committed by the Zionist enemy”, citing an Israeli attack that killed three of the group’s militants the previous month. Israel responded that evening with an airstrike on a Hamas training camp in the southern Gaza Strip. The events sparked concerned speculation of an imminent escalation of violence. Jerusalem also submitted a complaint to the United Nations Security Council. UN Middle East envoy Robert Serry condemned the ”firing of indiscriminate mortars and rockets by militant groups in Gaza at Israel which has escalated in recent days”, adding that ”these attacks are in clear violation of international humanitarian law and endanger civilians in Israel”. Serry said that Israel has a right to self defense but urged Jerusalem ”to exercise maximum restraint and take every precaution to ensure that its forces do not endanger civilians in Gaza”.

December 24, 2010

In the morning, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a mortar shell which hit an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

In the early evening, Palestinians fired a Qassam rocket that landed in an open area in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council, near Ashkelon. No injuries or damage were reported.

Israel responded to the attacks overnight with airstrikes on four sites in the Gaza Strip: three strikes targeting smuggling tunnels under the border with Egypt and one strike targeting a car as it was pulling up near a site used by Hamas’ military wing, in which two occupants were injured. Adham Abu Selmiya, a spokesman for the Hamas-run medical services said the two men were civilians. However, witnesses said they appeared to be militants.

December 26, 2010

In the late morning, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired two rockets at the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

December 30, 2010

After nightfall, a Qassam rocket fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip hit an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

January, 2011

According to the Israel Security Agency’s monthly summary, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip launched 17 rockets and 26 mortar shells were towards Israel in 25 separate attacks. This represented a decline in number of projectiles fired from December 2010, which saw 15 rockets and 38 mortar shells launched in 30 separate attacks.

January 1, 2011

In the evening, a mortar shell fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip landed near a kibbutz in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council. A woman suffered from shock, but no physical injuries or damage were reported. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine claimed responsibility for mortar attacks that day, saying that it had fired four mortars at two military posts in Israel and adding that it would ”cling to the option of resistance and confront the Israeli occupation”. That night, Israel responded to the attack and to a separate attack two days earlier with airstrikes on two targets in the Gaza Strip, described by the Israel Defense Forces as a Hamas ”terrorist activity center” in the north and a ”weapons manufacturing facility” in the center of the territory. Palestinian rescue services said that two people were injured.

January 2, 2011

A projectile fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip hit the Eshkol Regional Council. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine claimed responsibility for attacks that day, saying they had fired several projectiles at Israeli targets late at night in response to ”ongoing Israeli aggression against the people of Gaza”. However, an Israeli military spokeswoman said she was not aware of any shells launched from Gaza at that time.

January 4, 2011

In the afternoon, a Qassam rocket fired by Palestinians in the northern Gaza Strip exploded near a kibbutz in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council. No injuries were reported, but several greenhouses sustained damage. No militant group claimed responsibility. Israel responded that day with airstrikes on a Hamas militant training facility in the central part of the Gaza Strip and a smuggling tunnel in the south. No injuries were reported.

January 5, 2011

Two mortar shells fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip landed in open areas in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. Five additional mortars hit the Eshkol Regional Council that day, according to the IDF website.

After nightfall, a Qassam rocket hit an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

January 6, 2011

In the morning, a mortar shell fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fell in the Sdot Negev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine claimed responsibility for mortar attacks at that time, saying that it had fired three shells at an Israeli military base near Kissufim. However, an Israeli military spokeswoman said she was not aware of any attacks in that area. Israel responded that night with airstrikes on two sites in the Gaza Strip, which it identified as a Hamas terror base in the north and an infiltration tunnel in the south intended for carrying out attacks against Israelis. No injuries were reported.

January 7, 2011

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a projectile at Israel. No injuries or damage were reported.

January 8, 2011

At about 2:20 pm, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired four 181-millimeter mortar shells at Israel, all of which landed in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council. One of the shells hit a residential area within an agricultural community in the area. Three Thai foreign agricultural workers were injured, one seriously, one moderately and one lightly, all by shrapnel. A number of other people suffered from shock. The shell also killed a cat nearby. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility, saying that it had fired six mortar shells at an Israeli military post near Nahal Oz.

Towards the evening, an additional Palestinian mortar shell landed in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

After nightfall, Palestinians fired a Qassam rocket which landed in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

Within an hour, Palestinians fired a second Qassam rocket into the Eshkol Regional Council. Truck driver Yitzhak Zaafrani was lightly wounded in the face and his truck was damaged.

January 9, 2011

In the morning, Palestinians fired a Qassam rocket into the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded overnight to the attacks of the previous two days with airstrikes on two terror activity targets in the Gaza Strip. No injuries were reported. According to DEBKA, the targets were Hamas underground command centers recently built by engineers from the Iranian Revolutionary Guard.

January 10, 2011

In the evening, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired three rockets at Israel. One hit an industrial area in Ashkelon, while the other two fell in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

Later, Palestinians fired another Qassam rocket which landed in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries were reported.

January 11, 2011

In the morning, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a rocket which exploded south of Ashkelon. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded overnight to the attacks of the previous two days with airstrikes on two Hamas compounds and a Palestinian Islamic Jihad militant training base.

January 16, 2011

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired three mortar shells at Israel, all of which exploded in an open area near a kibbutz in the Sha’ar HaNegev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red siren did not sound.

January 17, 2011

In the morning, a Qassam rocket fired by Palestinians in the northern Gaza Strip exploded in an orchard near a community in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

January 18, 2011

In the early afternoon, four mortar shells fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip landed in open areas in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

January 21, 2011

A mortar fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip landed in an unspecified location in the western Negev. No injuries or damage were reported.

January 25, 2011

In the evening, a Qassam rocket fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fell in an open area in the Sdot Negev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

Later in the evening, a second rocket exploded in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

January 31, 2011

A Qassam rocket fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip exploded in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

A Grad rocket landed near a residential neighborhood in the city of Netivot. The explosion disrupted a wedding in the vicinity of the landing site; four people suffered from shock, and damage was caused to a road and a parked car. Another Grad rocket exploded near the city of Ofakim a few minutes later, but no injuries or damage were reported.

Israel responded on 2 February with an airstrike on a smuggling tunnel under the Gaza-Egypt border. No injuries were reported.Israel also submitted a letter of complaint to the United Nations.

February 4, 2011

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a Qassam rocket into the Sdot Negev Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red alarm did not sound.

February 6, 2011

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired two mortar shells into the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council.

After nightfall, two additional mortar shells landed in open areas in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported in either incident.

February 8, 2011

At around 11 am, two mortar shells launched by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip landed in a kibbutz in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council. One projectile landed in a parking lot, damaging a car. A second landed in a nearby field and damaged a hose. No injuries were reported.

Shortly after 2 pm, two more mortars were fired at the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council from the northern Gaza Strip. No injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red rocket alert system sounded during both attacks and residents of the area were asked to temporarily remain in their homes. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility, saying the attacks were directed at a military post east of Khan Younis.

Israel responded to the attacks with airstrikes on an infiltration tunnel in the northern Gaza Strip, a rocket manufacturing facility, and a third target near Jabaliya. Palestinian sources said that eight people were lightly injured.

February 9, 2011

The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine said that its militants fired a projectile at an Israeli military jeep in the morning. The Israel Defense Forces said they were not familiar with the incident.

February 14, 2011

Around noon, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a Qassam rocket into the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The attack, which occurred after several days of relative calm, coincided with the swearing of Benny Gantz as new Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces. Ilana Curiel of Israel News speculated that the attack was a signal by Palestinian terror groups that they would not ”make life easy” for him.

February 23, 2011

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired three mortar shells at a kibbutz in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council. One of the projectiles exploded near a soccer field, another near a pool and the third outside the border fence. No injuries were reported. The Color Red alarm did not sound. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for mortars fired that day, saying it launched two shells at IDF forces which crossed the fence into the Gaza Strip.

Around 9:30 pm, Palestinians fired three Grad missiles at Beersheba, one of Israel’s largest cities. One of the missiles hit the backyard of a home in a residential area, causing extensive damage to surrounding houses and vehicles. Four residents – two adults and two children – were treated for shock. No physical injuries were reported. The Color Red alarm sounded through the city mere seconds before the explosion. This marked the first time Beersheba was hit by Palestinian rockets since the 2009 Gaza War.

Israel responded that day with an airstrike on a Palestinian Islamic Jihad cell in eastern Gaza City, wounding three militants. This was followed by several airstrikes on military targets throughout the Gaza Strip, which caused heavy damage to buildings. The following day, a further airstrike on a Hamas vehicle in the Al Salaam area of Rafah killed one person and wounded several others.

February 26, 2011

A mortar shell fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip landed in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded with airstrikes on Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad militant facilities in the Gaza Strip. Four Palestinians were lightly injured.

February 27, 2011

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a Qassam rocket at the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red alarm did not sound.

A mortar shell was fired from the northern Gaza Strip Israel but landed in Palestinian territory near the Erez border crossing. No injuries or damage were reported. Residents of three towns in the Shaar HaNegev and Ashkelon Coast regional councils were requested to remain in their protected spaces for fear of additional attacks.

March 3, 2011

During the night, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a projectile at the Sdot Negev Regional Council. The Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine claimed responsibility for the attack, saying its militants had fired a C5K rocket at an Israeli military tower near Kissufim. ”We choose the option of resistance as the means to attain our national rights, and promise the Palestinian people that we will continue resistance against Israeli forces,” a statement from the group said.

March 4, 2011

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired two Qassam rockets at Israel. One exploded in the Sdot Negev Regional Council and the other apparently landed within Palestinian territory. No injuries or damage were reported.

March 5, 2011

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a rocket at an unspecified site in the western Negev. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded with airstrikes on Hamas militant posts in Zeitoun, Deir al-Balah and Khan Younis. No injuries were reported.

March 9, 2011

After nightfall, a Qassam rocket fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip landed in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

March 16, 2011

Palestinians fired a rocket into Sderot. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded with an airstrike on a Hamas compound in the Gaza Strip, killing two Hamas militants and injuring one.

March 18, 2011

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired four mortar shells at Israel. Some fell in unspecified locations in the western Negev,and some fell within the Gaza Strip.

Around 4 pm, Palestinian terrorists fired six additional mortar shells into the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

March 19, 2011

In the early morning, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired 54 mortars on Israeli communities within a period of 15 minutes. A man and his wife were wounded by shrapnel as they fled toward a safe zone. Several homes on a kibbutz were badly damaged. One mortar shell landed on the rooftop of a kindergarten, but the building was empty because it was Shabbat, the Jewish day of rest. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack, saying it was a response to the death of two of the group’s militants in an Israeli airstrike several days earlier. According to The Telegraph, the unusually extreme attack by Hamas was an attempt by the Islamist group to divert its people’s wrath and to avoid being engulfed by the concurrent popular uprisings in the Middle East.

Israel responded with airstrikes and tank fire, killing one Hamas official and injuring four others.

March 20, 2011

On the Jewish holiday of Purim, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a mortar and two Qassam rockets at Israel.

Later in the day, Palestinians fired a Grad missile at southern Ashkelon. One elderly woman was lightly injured, and several other people suffered from shock. Sirens were heard in the city. British Minister for the Middle East and North Africa Alistair Burt condemned Hamas for its attacks on Israel as well as its assaults on Palestinian protesters in the Gaza Strip, saying: ”Hamas should not think that while the attention of the world is elsewhere we will turn a blind eye to their actions. The indiscriminate targeting of Israeli citizens, as they celebrated the Jewish festival of Purim, is unacceptable.”

March 21, 2011

After nightfall, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a Qassam rocket at the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

March 22, 2011

Around 4 pm, Palestinians fired four mortar shells at Alumim and Sa’ad. No injuries or damage were reported.

In the evening, Palestinians fired a Grad missile from the northern Gaza Strip and several mortar shells at Ashkelon; the Grad landed south of the city. No injuries or damage were reported.

In the evening, the Israel Defense Forces attacked a Palestinian terror cell in the midst of preparing to fire a long-range rocket into Israel, killing four terrorists. Israeli military sources said the same terrorists were behind the Grad missile attack on Beersheba on 23 February.

March 23, 2011

During the night, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a Grad missile at Ashdod, which landed in an open area south of the city. This was the first time Ashdod, one of Israel’s largest cities and relatively far from the Gaza Strip, was targeted since the Gaza War. Sirens were heard in the city and in nearby Gedera and Kiryat Malachi. No injuries or damage were reported. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

At 5:30 am, Palestinians launched another Grad missile at Beersheba. The rocket hit a street in the midst of a residential area. A 56-year-old man was injured by shrapnel that penetrated his third-floor apartment, and three other people suffered from shock. Several buildings, including a synagogue, were damaged. Fearing additional attacks, the city closed schools and universities for the day. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility, saying, ”This is an initial reaction to the Zionist crimes against our people in Gaza.”

Four hours later, Palestinians fired a third Grad missile at Beersheba, hitting an open area within the city.

Later, Palestinians fired seven mortar shells at the Eshkol Regional Council and one at the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. Some of the shells contained white phosphorus.

US President Barack Obama condemned the attacks as well as a recent Palestinian terrorist bombing in Jerusalem ”in the strongest possible terms”, saying that ”there is never any possible justification for terrorism”. Israel responded to the attacks with airstrikes on terrorist training sites, weapons-smuggling tunnels under the Gaza-Egypt border, and an abandoned rocket launcher. No injuries were reported in the airstrikes.

March 24, 2011

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired twelve projectiles at Israeli towns throughout the day, reaching deep into the country. The Israeli cities of Beersheba, Ashdod and Kiryat Gat kept schools closed for the day, fearing additional attacks. The Ashkelon municipality held classes as usual, but the local Parents’ Committee urged residents to keep their children at home. EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton condemned the attacks as well as the recent Palestinian terrorist bombing in Jerusalem in ”the strongest terms”, adding that ”attacks on any civilians are completely unacceptable in any circumstance”. Details of some of the attacks:

During the night, Palestinians fired a Qassam rocket at the western Negev. No injuries or damage were reported.

In the morning, Palestinians fired a second Qassam rocket which landed in an open area south of Ashkelon. No injuries or damage were reported.

Shortly before 11 am, a third Palestinian rocket fired from the northern Gaza Strip exploded in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

Around 12:15 pm, a fourth Palestinian Qassam rocket landed in an open area in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council. No injuries were reported.

Just before 2 pm, Palestinians fired a fifth rocket at the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries were reported.

Two Grad missiles were fired at Ashdod. One struck south of the city and the other to its north; the explosion of the second projectile was heard in Yavne. The Color Red alarm was heard throughout the city, as well as in Ashkelon, Gedera and Gan Yavne.

A few hours later, a rocket landed in Sderot and a mortar exploded in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. The Color Red alarm sounded. No injuries or damage were reported.

In the evening, Palestinians fired six mortar shells at the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

Israel responded during the day with airstrikes on Hamas buildings in the Gaza Strip.

March 26, 2011

Early in the morning, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired two rockets into Israel. One landed in the Eshkol Regional Council, exploding three yards from a home in one of the area’s communities. The house was severely damaged but the eight family members who were sleeping inside were unharmed. Another home was moderately damaged. The second rocket landed in an open area in an unspecified location. No injuries were reported.

In the evening, a third rocket hit the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported.

March 27, 2011

A Palestinian Islamic Jihad cell near Jabaliya was attempting to launch a projectile into Israel when it was targeted by an Israeli airstrike. Two PIJ militants were killed and three PIJ militants were wounded.

March 29, 2011

Palestinians fired an unspecified number of Qassam rockets at Sderot, but all the projectiles fell within the Gaza strip. The Color Red alarm sounded in the Israeli city. Israel responded the following day with airstrikes on a Palestinian Islamic Jihad cell, killing one PIJ terrorist and wounding another, and on a smuggling tunnel in the southern Gaza Strip.

March 31, 2011

Around 7:30 pm, Palestinian terrorists in the northern Gaza Strip fired a Qassam rocket that landed in an open area south of Ashkelon. No injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red alarm sounded in nearby communities.

April 5, 2011

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a Qassam rocket at the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded with airstrikes on two militant infiltration tunnels in the northern Gaza Strip. Palestinians said that four people were lightly to moderately injured. The following day Israel carried out additional airstrikes on another militant infiltration tunnel in the north and three smuggling tunnels in the south. No injuries were reported.

April 7, 2011

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a Kornet anti-tank missile at a school bus in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council, outside Sa’ad. In the explosion, 16-year-old boy Daniel Viflic was critically injured with a shrapnel wound to the head, and the driver was moderately injured. Hamas issued a press release that evening claiming responsibility, calling the incident a retaliation for a previous Israeli strike that killed three Hamas leaders and vowing further attacks. The fact that the Russian-made Kornet is a laser-guided weapon indicated that the school bus was intentionally targeted. The attack opened a several-day stretch of violence in which Palestinians launched over 100 projectiles at Israel and Israeli responses left 19 Hamas militants and two civilians dead.

Israeli President Shimon Peres said the attack showed that Gaza had turned into a terror state. The United States condemned ”the attack on innocent civilians… in the strongest possible terms, saying ”there is no justification for the targeting of innocent civilians and those responsible for these terrorist attacks should be held accountable.” British Foreign Secretary William Hague ”unreservedly” condemned the attack as ”despicable” and ”cowardly”, and said reports suggested that the school bus was deliberately targeted.

Over the next three hours, at least 45 additional Palestinian projectiles hit Israel. Residents were instructed to stay inside their homes, children were ordered to stay inside schools, and police sealed roads in the area for fear of additional attacks. European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton ”strongly” condemned the attacks. Details of some of the incidents:

One mortar hit a home in the Eshkol Regional Council. The house was damaged but no injuries were reported.

A Grad missile fired at Ashkelon was intercepted by the Iron Dome defense system, marking the first successful interception of a short range rocket in history.

After nightfall, three Qassam rockets were fired into the Ashkelon Coast and Eshkol regional councils. No injuries or damage were reported.

Israel responded with airstrikes on terror cells and smuggling tunnels.

Ten days later, the boy, Daniel Viflic, died of his wounds.

April 8, 2011

Despite the announcement by Gazan terror organizations of a unilateral ceasefire at 11 pm the previous night, Palestinians fired at least 24 mortar shells and 6 rockets at Israel, causing serious damage to a factory and to chicken coops. Hamas, Fatah, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, the Popular Resistance Committees, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the little-known Abu Al-Qumsan Brigades all claimed responsibility for various attacks. Israeli children in the danger zone were held in school for safety reasons until the attacks ended. 450 schoolchildren at the ”Nitzanei Eshkol” school were evacuated with a security forces escort. No injuries were reported. Details of some of the attacks:

In the afternoon, sixteen Palestinian mortars shells exploded across southern Israel. One shell hit a chicken coop in the Eshkol Regional Council.

Later in the afternoon four more mortar shells landed in open areas south of Ashkelon. No injuries or damage were reported.

Four rockets were fired at Ashkelon. Three were intercepted by the Iron Dome defense system.

In the evening, two mortar shells were fired at a kibbutz in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council. A residential structure was damaged.

Israel responded with airstrikes, killing four Hamas militants and one Popular Resistance Committees militant.

April 9, 2011

Palestinians fired over 65 projectiles at Israel. Five people were injured while running to bomb shelters. Details of some of the attacks:

Overnight, 15 Grads were fired into Israeli territory. The Iron Dome defense system intercepted five of them near Beersheba and Ashkelon.

A rocket fired at a kibbutz in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council damaged homes and a water main.

After nightfall, two rocket barrages hit the Eshkol Regional Council.

Israel responded with airstrikes, killing two senior Hamas militants and one Popular Resistance Committees militant.

April 10, 2011

Palestinians fired about 20 rockets and mortars at Israel. Details of some of the attacks:

In the morning, three Palestinian mortar shells hit fields belonging to a kibbutz in the Eshkol Regional Council. The projectiles damaged electrical cables, causing power outages in nearby communities.

A Palestinian rocket hit an open area in Ashkelon.

A Palestinian Grad missile fired at Ashkelon was intercepted by the Iron Dome rocket defense system.

Shortly thereafter, two Palestinian rockets hit open areas in the Shaar Hanegev Regional Council and the Sdot Negev Regional Council.

In the afternoon, a Qassam rocket exploded in an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council.

Two mortar shells hit an open area in the Eshkol Regional Council.

Two more mortar shells hit the Eshkol Regional Council.

Around 9:30 pm, shortly after Palestinian militant groups announced a ceasefire, a Qassam rocket exploded in an open area in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council.

Israel refrained from responding to the attacks.

April 12, 2011

According to the Palestinian Ma’an News Agency, al-Qaeda-affiliated Gazan militant group Tawhid and Jihad claimed to have launched two missiles at Nirim at 7:50 pm. The group said its claimed attack was ”a response to Israeli aggression on the Gaza Strip”, without clarifying further. However, the Israel Defense Forces said they were not aware of a rocket atttack taking place at that time.

April 15, 2011

Palestinians fired two Grad missiles at Ashdod from the Beit Lahiya neighborhood of al-Atatra in the northern Gaza Strip. Alarms sounded in Ashdod and nearby Ashkelon. One rocket exploded in a residential area and the second landed outside the city. No injuries or damage were reported. Israel responded several hours later with airstrikes on militant targets. No injuries were reported.

April 18, 2011

On Passover eve, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a Qassam rocket at the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council. It exploded in an open area near a kibbutz, and no injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red alert sounded in the area and in Sderot.

May 28, 2011

Overnight, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a rocket at the Eshkol Regional Council. No injuries or damage were reported. This was the first such attack in six weeks.

June 15, 2011

At about 9:30 pm, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a Qasssam rocket at the Eshkol Regional Council. The projectile landed in an open area, and no injuries or damage were reported. The Color Red siren sounded in the region.

June 21, 2011

After nightfall, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a mortar shell at the Eshkol Regional Council, followed half an hour later by a Qassam rocket fired at the same area. No injuries or damage were reported in either attack. The incident affected an Israeli national civil defense drill the following day. Israel responded with an airstrike on an infiltration tunnel in the central Gaza Strip, causing no injuries.


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4 kommentarer (+add yours?)

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